Welcome to service of International Business Law Center, Inc. (IBLC, Inc.) Also, known as International Business Law Services (hereinafter referred to as ibls.com). ibls.com and its affiliates provide their services to you subject to the following conditions. If you visit ibls.com, you accept these conditions. Please read them carefully. In addition, when you use any current or future ibls.com services (e.g., Law Portals, Online Education, Events, E-Tax Council and Newsletters) or visit or purchase from any business affiliated with ibls.com, whether or not included in the ibls.com Web site, you also will be subject to the guidelines and conditions applicable to such service or business.
ibls.com provides law summaries, which are designed to illuminate and illustrate legal aspects of business transactions and situations. Law summaries are written by lawyers and/or legal experts in their field and are edited by IBLC, Inc. for style and live links to active sites only. Law summaries are not legal advice, and are not intended as such. Law summaries do not predict how any particular jurisdiction will react in any particular situation. Law summaries do not predict whether or not a particular jurisdiction will or will not change the underlying law(s) the next time the legislature meets, or regulators re-examine the law, or a new case arises. Users are encouraged to contact the author(s) of any particular summary, or another legal professional to get legal advice. Legal advice is defined as providing guidance to an individual or business, including guidance on how the issue in a particular summary might apply to their particular situation. Legal advice includes representing a client in a legal proceeding, telling someone how to structure their affairs, fill out legal forms, etc.
The Subscriber Agreement governs all access to and use of ibls.com and use of the International Business Law Services data retrieved via ibls.com. PLEASE READ THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THE SUBSCRIBER AGREEMENT CAREFULLY. By agreeing to the terms of the Subscriber Agreement, you, either as an individual or contracting on behalf of your organization, law firm, corporation, business or the like, become a subscriber ("Subscriber") to ibls.com. Additionally, as a Subscriber you, your organization, law firm, corporation, business or the like, agree to be bound by the terms and conditions of the Subscriber Agreement.
MODIFICATIONS TO SUBSCRIBER AGREEMENT
IBLC, Inc. may, at any time, amend the Subscriber Agreement and modify, enhance or delete databases, features, services and functions (defined below as "Features") available to Subscriber. The amended Subscriber Agreement will be made available online and will be effective immediately upon IBLC, Inc.'s posting. BY USING IBLS.COM AFTER ANY AMENDMENT BY IBLC, INC., YOU, YOUR ORGANIZATION AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE SUBSCRIBER AGREEMENT AS AMENDED. If at any time you or your organization disagree with the terms and conditions of the Subscriber Agreement, IBLC access may be terminated as provided in Termination provision below.
IBLC, Inc. may modify its Charges at any time without notice. Subscriber will pay all IBLC, Inc. Charges incurred through use of Subscriber's user name and password. IBLC, Inc. Charges do not include any applicable sales, use, ad valorem, personal property or other taxes for which Subscriber is responsible. IBLC, Inc. may bill IBLC, Inc. Charges to Subscriber's credit card account each month without any additional authorization. Subscriber may not charge an amount in excess of the allowable limit of the credit card. Subscriber must provide IBLC, Inc. with prompt notice (i) of changes to credit card information, such as the account number, expiration date or billing address, or (ii) a desire to designate a different credit card. IBLC, Inc. will have a reasonable period of time in which to process a request to designate a different credit card. If the credit card issuer refuses to pay IBLC, Inc. for Subscriber's Charges, IBLC, Inc. reserves the right to immediately suspend or terminate access to ibls.com and bill Subscriber directly for unpaid IBLC, Inc. Charges. If full payment is not made within the time period specified on IBLC, Inc.'s invoice, the maximum legal interest on any unpaid balance will be charged.
IBLC, Inc. grants Subscriber a nonexclusive, nontransferable, limited license to access IBLC, Inc. Data retrieved via ibls.com. ibls.com consists of various owned and third party databases, services and functions (all of which may be referred to as "Features") which may change from time to time. Access to certain Features may be restricted. Subscriber is licensed to use IBLC, Inc. Data made available solely in the regular course of Subscriber's legal and other research and related work. "Public Records Databases" (as defined below) are licensed subject to Public Records Databases provision and along with other Features may be subject "Additional Terms" (as defined below), all of which take precedence over the license granted in this paragraph. Except as otherwise provided with respect to certain IBLC, Inc. Data, the license includes the right to download and temporarily store insubstantial portions of IBLC, Inc. Data ("Downloaded International Business Law Services Data") to a storage device under Subscriber's exclusive control solely (i) to display internally such International Business Law Services Data and (ii) to quote and excerpt from such Downloaded International Business Law Services Data (appropriately cited and credited) by electronic cutting and pasting or other means in memoranda, briefs and similar work product created by Subscriber in the regular course of its research and work. Subscriber may also create printouts of IBLC, Inc. Data for internal use and for distribution to third parties if such third parties agree not to further distribute the printouts.
Subscriber may not copy, download, store, publish, transmit, transfer, sell or otherwise use the IBLC, Inc. Data, or any portion of the IBLC, Inc. Data, in any form or by any means, except (i) as expressly permitted by the Subscriber Agreement, (ii) with IBLC, Inc.'s prior written permission, or (iii) if not expressly prohibited by the Subscriber Agreement or by the Additional Terms, as allowed under the fair use provision of the Copyright Act (17 U.S.C.A. ß107). Downloaded International Business Law Services Data will not be stored or used in an archival database or other searchable database except as expressly permitted by the Subscriber Agreement or as quoted in Subscriber's work product. Subscriber will not sell, license or distribute IBLC, Inc. Data (including printouts and Downloaded International Business Law Services Data) to third parties or use IBLC, Inc. Data as a component of or as a basis for any material offered for sale, license or distribution.
c. Rights in Data.
Except for the license granted in the Subscriber Agreement, all right, title and interest in IBLC, Inc. Data, in all languages, formats and media throughout the world, including all copyrights, are and will continue to be the exclusive property of IBLC, Inc. and other contributors ("Contributors") of IBLC, Inc. Data.
d. Additional Terms and Conditions.
Certain Features are governed by terms and conditions which are different from those set forth in the Subscriber Agreement ("Additional Terms"). Subscriber will be given an opportunity to review Additional Terms by receiving notice of such Additional Terms in writing or online or by such other means as IBLC, Inc. may determine. Additional Terms may be modified effective upon IBLC, Inc. giving Subscriber notice (in writing, online or otherwise) of the modification. By using Features governed by Additional Terms, Subscriber agrees to, and will be obligated to comply with, all such Additional Terms as well as the terms and conditions in the Subscriber Agreement. All Additional Terms will be considered part of the Subscriber Agreement.
LICENSE AND SITE ACCESS
ibls.com grants you a limited license to access and make personal use of this site and not to download (other than page caching) or modify it, or any portion of it, except with express written consent of ibls.com. This license does not include any resale or commercial use of this site or its contents; any collection and use of any product listings, descriptions, or prices; any derivative use of this site or its contents; any downloading or copying of account information for the benefit of another merchant; or any use of data mining, robots, or similar data gathering and extraction tools. This site or any portion of this site may not be reproduced, duplicated, copied, sold, resold, visited, or otherwise exploited for any commercial purpose without express written consent of ibls.com. You may not frame or utilize framing techniques to enclose any trademark, logo, or other proprietary information (including images, text, page layout, or form) of ibls.com and our affiliates without express written consent. You may not use any meta tags or any other "hidden text" utilizing ibls.com's name or trademarks without the express written consent of ibls.com. Any unauthorized use terminates the permission or license granted by ibls.com. You are granted a limited, revocable, and nonexclusive right to create a hyperlink to the home page of www.ibls.com, www.edu.ibls.com, www.uslaw.ibls.com, or www.eulaw.ibls.com, so long as the link does not portray ibls.com, its affiliates, or their products or services in a false, misleading, derogatory, or otherwise offensive matter. You may not use any ibls.com logo or other proprietary graphic or trademark as part of the link without express written permission.
PUBLIC RECORDS DATABASES
Public records databases consist of third-party public records databases and filings as identified in the IBLC, Inc. or ibls.com Directory ("Public Records Databases"). Subscriber will not use IBLC, Inc. Data from Public Records Databases in a manner contrary to or in violation of any applicable federal, state, or local law, rule or regulation, including without limitation the Fair Credit Reporting Act (15 U.S.C.A. ß 1681). Subscriber certifies that it will not use any credit information obtained by it from Public Records Databases as a factor in establishing a consumer's eligibility for credit or insurance to be used primarily for personal, family, or household purposes, for employment purposes or for governmental licenses.
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
EXCEPT AS SPECIFICALLY PROVIDED IN THIS AGREEMENT, IBLC, INC., FEATURES AND IBLC, INC. DATA ARE PROVIDED "AS IS," WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, WARRANTIES OF PERFORMANCE, MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, ACCURACY, OMISSIONS, COMPLETENESS, CURRENTNESS AND DELAYS. SUBSCRIBER'S EXCLUSIVE REMEDY AND IBLC, INC.'S, ITS AFFILIATES, CONTRIBUTORS' ENTIRE LIABILITY UNDER THIS AGREEMENT, IF ANY, FOR ANY CLAIM(S) FOR DAMAGES RELATING TO IBLC, INC., FEATURES OR IBLC, INC. DATA WHICH ARE MADE AGAINST THEM, INDIVIDUALLY OR JOINTLY, WHETHER BASED IN CONTRACT OR NEGLIGENCE, WILL BE LIMITED TO THE AGGREGRATE AMOUNT OF CHARGES PAID BY SUBSCRIBER WHICH IS THE BASIS OF THE CLAIM(S) DURING THE 12 MONTH PERIOD PRECEDING THE EVENT GIVING RISE TO SUCH CLAIM. IN NO EVENT WILL IBLC, INC., ITS AFFILIATES AND/OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE TO SUBSCRIBER FOR ANY CLAIM(S) RELATING IN ANY WAY TO (i) SUBSCRIBER'S INABILITY OR FAILURE TO PERFORM LEGAL OR OTHER RESEARCH OR RELATED WORK OR TO PERFORM SUCH LEGAL OR OTHER RESEARCH OR WORK PROPERLY OR COMPLETELY, EVEN IF ASSISTED BY IBLC, INC., ITS AFFILIATES OR CONTRIBUTORS, OR ANY DECISION MADE OR ACTION TAKEN BY SUSCRIBER IN RELIANCE UPON IBLC, INC. DATA, (ii) ANY LOST PROFITS OR OTHER CONSEQUENTIAL, EXEMPLARY, INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT OR SPECIAL DAMAGES RELATING IN WHOLE OR IN PART TO SUBSCRIBER'S RIGHTS UNDER THIS AGREEMENT OR USE OF, OR INABILITY TO USE, IBLC, INC. FEATURES OR IBLC, INC. DATA, EVEN IF IBLC, INC., ITS AFFILIATES AND/OR CONTRIBUTORS HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES, OR (iii) THE PROCURING, COMPILING, INTERPRETING, EDITING, WRITING, REPORTING, OR DELIVERING OF IBLC, INC. DATA. FURTHER, IBLC, INC. WILL HAVE NO LIABILITY WHATSOEVER TO SUBSCRIBER FOR ANY CLAIM(S) RELATING IN ANY WAY TO ANY THIRD PARTY FEATURE. NEITHER IBLC, INC. NOR CONTRIBUTORS MAKE ANY WARRANTY THAT ACCESS TO IBLS.COM AND IBLC, INC. DATA AND OTHER SERVICES WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED, SECURE, COMPLETE OR ERROR FREE. NOR DOES IBLC, INC. MAKE ANY WARRANTY AS TOT HE LIFE OF ANY UNIFORM RESOURCE LOCATOR (URL). SUBSCRIBER ACKNOWLEDGES THAT PROVISION OF IBLS.COM AND IBLC, INC. DATA AND OTHER SERVICES PROVIDED BY IBLC, INC. ENTAIL THE LIKELIHOOD OF SOME HUMAN AND MACHINE ERRORS, DELAYS, INTERRUPTIONS AND LOSSES, INCLUDING THE INADVERTENT LOSS OF IBLC, INC. DATA OR DAMAGE TO MEDIA. AS USED IN THIS AGREEMENT, "AFFILIATES" MEANS ENTITIES WHICH CONTROL, ARE CONTROLLED BY OR ARE UNDER COMMON CONTROL WITH THE NAMED ENTITY.
ADDITIONALLY, THIS SITE IS PROVIDED BY IBLS.COM ON AN "AS IS" AND "AS AVAILABLE" BASIS. IBLS.COM MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AS TO THE OPERATION OF THIS SITE OR THE INFORMATION, CONTENT, MATERIALS, OR PRODUCTS INCLUDED ON THIS SITE. YOU EXPRESSLY AGREE THAT YOUR USE OF THIS SITE IS AT YOUR SOLE RISK.
TO THE FULL EXTENT PERMISSIBLE BY APPLICABLE LAW, IBLS.COM DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. IBLS.COM DOES NOT WARRANT THAT THIS SITE, ITS SERVERS, OR E-MAIL SENT FROM IBLS.COM ARE FREE OF VIRUSES OR OTHER HARMFUL COMPONENTS. IBLS.COM WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES OF ANY KIND ARISING FROM THE USE OF THIS SITE, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, PUNITIVE, AND CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES.
CERTAIN STATE LAWS DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON IMPLIED WARRANTIES OR THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF CERTAIN DAMAGES. IF THESE LAWS APPLY TO YOU, SOME OR ALL OF THE ABOVE DISCLAIMERS, EXCLUSIONS, OR LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU, AND YOU MIGHT HAVE ADDITIONAL RIGHTS.
FURTHERMORE, THE INFORMATION CONTAINED ON THIS PAGE, AND THE OTHER PAGES IN THIS WEB SITE, IS FOR GENERAL INFORMATION AND EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE ONLY. IT IS NOT PURPORTED TO BE USE AS LEGAL OR TAX ADVICE. READERS MUST SEEK ADVICE FROM LEGAL PROFESSIONALS OR TAX ADVISORS BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO APPLY THIS INFORMATION TO SPECIFIC SITUATIONS. ADDITIONALLY, THE INFORMATION ON THIS PAGE WAS CURRENT AS OF THE DATE WHEN THE INFORMATION WAS POSTED OR WHEN IT WAS WRITTEN. THE LAW MAY HAVE CHANGED AFTER THIS DATE. THIS PAGE DOES NOT REFLECT CHANGES IN LAW AFTER SAID DATE.
LIMITATION OF CLAIMS
Except for claims relating to improper use of ibls.com, IBLC, Inc., IBLC, Inc. Data or Features no claim, regardless of form, which in any way arises out of the Subscriber Agreement or the use of, or inability to use any of services provided by, IBLC, Inc., ibls.com, or Features may be made, nor action based upon such claim brought, by either party to the Subscriber Agreement more than one year after the basis for the claim becomes known to the party desiring to assert it.
Neither the Subscriber Agreement nor any part of it may be assigned, sublicensed or otherwise transferred to a third party without IBLC, Inc.'s prior written consent. Subscriber is responsible for all access to and use of ibls.com by means of Subscriber's user name and password, even if Subscriber did not know of or authorize such access and use.
Subscriber may terminate the Subscriber Agreement and access to ibls.com at any time by providing notice of termination to IBLC, Inc. or ibls.com by e-mail at webmaster: email@example.com or by United States mail at 2445 McCabe Way, Irvine, CA 92614, Attention: Customer Service. IBLC, Inc. may terminate the Subscriber Agreement and access to IBLC, Inc. and ibls.com (i) immediately upon giving written or online notice of termination if Subscriber commits a material breach of the Subscriber Agreement or if IBLC, Inc. determines Subscriber is ineligible to use IBLC, Inc. services, or (ii) upon 30 days prior written notice of termination or online notice of termination posted on ibls.com, terms and conditions under “Charges” and “Disclaimer of Warranties and Limitation of Liability” provisions which is stated above survive any termination of the Subscriber Agreement.
IBLC, Inc. and ibls.com's performance under the Subscriber Agreement is subject to interruption and delay due to causes beyond its reasonable control such as acts of God, acts of any government, war or other hostility, civil disorder, the elements, fire, explosion, power failure, equipment failure, industrial or labor dispute, inability to obtain necessary supplies and the like.
When you visit ibls.com or send e-mails to us, you are communicating with us electronically. You consent to receive communications from us electronically. We will communicate with you by e-mail or by posting notices on this site. You agree that all agreements, notices, disclosures and other communications that we provide to you electronically satisfy any legal requirement that such communications be in writing.
Please review our Copyright notice.
Please review our Patent notice.
ONE WORLD TO KNOW, and other marks indicated on our site are registered trademarks of IBLC, Inc. and ibls.com, or its subsidiaries, in the United States and other countries. ibls.com graphics, logos, page headers, button icons, scripts, and service names are trademarks or trade dress of ibls.com or its subsidiaries. Ibls.com's trademarks and trade dress may not be used in connection with any product or service that is not ibls.com's, in any manner that is likely to cause confusion among customers, or in any manner that disparages or discredits ibls.com. All other trademarks not owned by ibls.com or its subsidiaries that appear on this site are the property of their respective owners, who may or may not be affiliated with, connected to, or sponsored by ibls.com or its subsidiaries.
YOUR MEMBERSHIP ACCOUNT
When as a member, you use this site, you are responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of your account and password and for restricting access to your computer, and you agree to accept responsibility for all activities that occur under your account or password. ibls.com and its affiliates reserve the right to refuse service, terminate accounts, remove or edit content, or cancel membership in their sole discretion.
REVIEWS, COMMENTS, COMMUNICATIONS, AND OTHER CONTENT
Members may post reviews, comments, and other content; send other communications; and submit suggestions, ideas, comments, questions, or other information, so long as the content is not illegal, obscene, threatening, defamatory, invasive of privacy, infringing of intellectual property rights, or otherwise injurious to third parties or objectionable and does not consist of or contain software viruses, political campaigning, commercial solicitation, chain letters, mass mailings, or any form of "spam." You may not use a false e-mail address, impersonate any person or entity, or otherwise mislead as to the origin of a card or other content. ibls.com reserves the right (but not the obligation) to remove or edit such content.
If you do post content or submit material, and unless we indicate otherwise, you grant ibls.com and its affiliates a nonexclusive, royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable, and fully sublicensable right to use, reproduce, modify, adapt, publish, translate, create derivative works from, distribute, and display such content throughout the world in any media. You grant ibls.com and its affiliates and sublicensees the right to use the name that you submit in connection with such content, if they choose. You represent and warrant that you own or otherwise control all of the rights to the content that you post; that the content is accurate; that use of the content you supply does not violate this policy and will not cause injury to any person or entity; and that you will indemnify ibls.com or its affiliates for all claims resulting from content you supply. ibls.com has the right but not the obligation to monitor and edit or remove any activity or content. ibls.com takes no responsibility and assumes no liability for any content posted by you or any third party.
We provide links to the sites of affiliated companies and certain other businesses. We are not responsible for examining or evaluating, and we do not warrant the offerings of, any of these businesses or individuals or the content of their Web sites. ibls.com does not assume any responsibility or liability for the actions, product, and content of all these and any other third parties. You should carefully review their privacy statements and other conditions of use.
The Subscriber Agreement will be governed by the laws of the state of California. If any provision of the Subscriber Agreement is determined by a court to be void, invalid, unenforceable or illegal, the enforceability of the other provisions of the Subscriber Agreement will not be affected. Failure to enforce any provision of this Subscriber Agreement will not constitute a waiver of the right to later enforce it. The headings and captions contained in this Subscriber Agreement are inserted for convenience only and do not constitute a part of this Subscriber Agreement. Subscriber agrees to provide IBLC, Inc. with accurate and complete information necessary to process the Subscriber Agreement, including credit card information, and to promptly notify IBLC, Inc. of any changes in such information. Failure to do so will constitute a material breach of the Subscriber Agreement, for which IBLC, Inc. will have the right to terminate access to IBLS under Termination provision stated above.