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227 articles found for Telecommunication

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From the News Portal
Title/Abstract
Alcatel-Lucent launches 1-port 400G IP line card to help operators
news.europawire.eu/alcatel-lucent-launches-1-port
Alcatel-Lucent launches 1-port 400G IP line card to help operators quadruple the speed of connections and significantly boost capacity ...
Korea: Telecommunication Infrastructure
Management of Global Information Technology American University
...
Telecommunications: Commission approves decision of the German regulator to open up broadband markets, including very high-speed internet access (VDSL)
European Union
...
Information technology (IT) programs that allow data sharing among public offices
Martha L. Arias, LL.B., J.D., LL.M.
The U.S. Institute for Telecommunication Science (ITS) in its 2005 Technical Progress Report released in January 2006 informed about their IT program that would ...
Jurisdiction Over Internet Telephony
IBLS director and senior editor Martha Arias was interviewed by Andrew K. Burger from ECT.com on the subject of the newest developments in Internet legislation
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has taken a go-lightly approach to extending its jurisdiction over Internet telephony. However, that is likely to change ...
Commerce Department’s NTIA Awards IBM Contract For Digital-to-Analog Converter Box Coupon Program Services
Nation Telecommunication and Information Administration
The Department of Commerce's National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) today awarded IBM a contract to provide services for the Digital-to-Analog Converter Box Coupon ...
10 Internet Acronyms Parents must Know
IBLS Editorial Department
The 21 Century requires parents not only to have some technology knowledge but also learn new forms of verbal communication. Internet, cell phones, MP3s, ...
Argentinian Progress in Telecommunications and E-commerce
IBLS Editorial Staff
The partial deregulation and privatization of telecommunications began in Argentina in the early 1990s. While Argentina has privatized some portions of its telecommunications sector, ...
Too Close for Comfort: Is it Legal to “Borrow” Wireless Internet from your Neighbors?
IBLS Contributor: Odia Kagan, Partner, Shavit Bar-On Gal-On Tzin Nov Yagur Law Offices, Tel Aviv, Israel, okagan@sbilaw.com
Most owners of wireless Internet networks, at home and in business, are not aware of the dangers stemming from neglecting to secure such networks. ...
Regulation and Taxation of Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) in the United States
IBLS Editorial Staff
The United States Congress has passed several regulatory acts to prevent states from exercising regulatory authority over new Internet services, and also gave the ...
Internet Voting becomes a Reality in Estonia; Global Experts Question Online Security and Inclusiveness
Editor, Maricelle Ruiz, IBLS Director – Europe
Despite global warnings on e-voting systems, some 18,000 registered Estonians dared to vote online last Sunday, during the first national Internet election in the ...
The U.S.-Peru Trade Promotional Agreement and its Implication for E-commerce
Martha L. Arias, Immigration and Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
The objective of the United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (US/Peru TPA) is to promote trade and economic growth, eliminate some trade barriers between these ...
Argentinian Progress in Telecommunications and E-commerce
IBLS Editorial Staff
The partial deregulation and privatization of telecommunications began in Argentina in the early 1990s. While Argentina has privatized some portions of its telecommunications sector, ...
E-commerce and the Telecommunication Sector in Brazil
IBLS Editorial Staff
According to the U.S. Department of Commerce, Brazil boasts the most advanced Internet and e-commerce industry in Latin America and the fifth largest telecom ...
Children’s Internet Protection Act: a good Combination of Internet Access and Protection for Children
Martha L. Arias, IBLS Director.
In 2000, the United States ("US') Congress passed the Children"s Internet Protection Act (“CIPA”) with the following objective: to 'assist most schools and libraries ...
European Commission Proposes new International Roaming Regulation
IBLS Contributor: Bart Goddyn, Goddyn Belgium, bart.goddyn@goddyn.eu
The European Commission has published a proposal for a Regulation to reduce international roaming tariffs for mobile communication within the European Union. This Regulation ...
A Google/Orange Partnership may Prevail in the Race to Provide Flawless, Mobile Internet
Editor, Maricelle Ruiz, IBLS Director -- Europe
Orange, Nokia and Motorola are said to be rushing to produce mobiles that will allow some three billion users to surf the web as ...
The EU toughens laws to boost Internet access by 2010
Editor, Maricelle Ruiz, IBLS Director -- Europe
Thirty-four European countries have signed an agreement in Riga, Latvia to guarantee an inclusive, barrier-free Internet by 2010. As a result of the Riga ...
Barbados- Telecommunications Law
Caribbean Community- Caricom
...
Telecommunications and Regulation in Costa Rica
Taken from www.american.edu
...
World Telecommunication Development Conference sets agenda to connect the world by 2015
International Telecommunication Union
...
UN World Summit on Information Society and May 17th -The World’s Information Society Day
Martha L. Arias, LL.B., J.D., LL.M.
According to the UN official report of this event, the “Summit’s aim was to build an open, inclusive, people-centered, knowledge-based information society that will ...
Antigua and Barbuda will have undersea fiber optic cable by the end of 2006
Martha L. Arias, LL.B., J.D., LL.M.
According to the Minister of Information, Broadcasting and Telecommunications, Dr. Edmond Mansoor. Dr. Mansoor informed that Southern Caribbean Fiber, a company owned ...
Internet telephony is illegal throughout the Middle East
Editor, Maricelle Ruiz, IBLS Director -- Middle East
The use of Internet telephony is prohibited in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), according to a local telecommunications company executive, who says Etisalat is ...
Users with disabilities may provide great information to evaluate web accessibility for them
Martha L. Arias, LL.B., J.D., LL.M.
The Web Accessibility initiative (W3C) suggests involving users with disabilities when evaluating web site accessibility. W3C’ goal is to provide information and resources ...
Gonzalez Pressures Internet Service Providers on Data Retention
IBLS Editorial Staff
United States Attorney General, Alberto Gonzales, and FBI Director, Robert Muller, held a meeting last Friday in which they urged telecommunications officials to record ...
Internet & Statistics
Martha L. Arias, LL.B., J.D., LL.M.
According to comScore Media Metrix, a division of comScore Networks, Inc., the top 25 internet domain/websites are: Yahoo sites; MSN-Microsoft sites; Time Warner Network; ...
Anti-Spam Law in Korea
Kyung-Han Sohn- Attorney Korea
The Information Network and Privacy Protection Act (“INPPA”) of Korea sets out the minimum procedural requirements for lawful online transmissions. In Korea transmissions of ...
The EU may adopt legislation to keep young, mobile-phone users safe
Editor, Maricelle Ruiz, IBLS Director -- Europe
The European Union is in the process of determining whether state intervention is needed to keep children who use mobile phones safe. So far, ...
Globalisation Fund to Help 4,000 Workers in Mobile Phone Sector
European Commission
Brussels 27-09-2007. The European Commission today announced that it has approved two further applications for assistance under the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF) - ...
Users’ Privacy under the U.S. Cable Communications Policy Act
Martha L. Arias, IBLS Editor
The Internet is the communication system that brought the privacy issue back to litigation in the United States. Indeed, the telephone, another great telecommunication ...
European Commission Recommendation on Wholesale Leased Lines
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney; IBLS Editor
The European Commission recognized the importance of "high-speed transmission data services” for European businesses, particularly small and medium-size businesses that could benefit from the ...
Venezuelan President Proposes to Re-nationalize Country’s Largest Telecom Company in Order to Curtail its Monopoly in Internet Market
IBLS Editorial Staff
The Government of Venezuela gives priority to Internet promotion. In 1991, the Government had privatized the telecom sector, including CA Nacional Telefonos de Venezuela ...
AT&T/Bell South Agreed on Abstaining from Using Preferential Treatment of Data
Martha L. Arias, IBLS Director.
After much pressure from activists of Internet Neutrality and the U.S. Federal Telecommunication Commission (FCC), AT&T agreed to avoid programs or products tending to ...
Regulation of VOIP Services in the United Kingdom
IBLS Editorial Staff
The proliferation of VoIP services has impacted the UK communication market over the last five years. VoIP services deliver significant consumer benefit through reducing ...
Roaming Milestone on 30 September: Eurotariff for all and Full Transparency
Europe's Information Society
On Sunday 30 September, the full benefit of the European Union's regulation on roaming will become evident to all. It marks the day when ...
Going to China? Economic Data and Visa Information
Martha L. Arias, IBLS Director.
China became one of the fastest-growing economies in the 20th century after its socialist leader, DENG Xiaoping, adopted a market-oriented economy in 1978 that ...
Fines Imposed for SMS Spam
IBLS Contributor: FreeHills, Kaman Tsoi, Senior Associate, Melbourne
A telecommunications provider (the company) has been fined $110,000 after allegedly sending 20,000 SMS messages without sufficient sender identification. The fine was imposed by ...
Data Protection in Colombia
Martha L. Arias, Immigration and Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
On May 2008, the Colombian Telecommunication Commission -Comisión de Regulación de Telecomunicaciones- offered a synopsis about current Colombian data protection regulations and pending legislation ...
E-mail Wiretap is Permissible…For now
IBLS Contributor: Odia Kagan, Partner, Shavit Bar-On Gal-On Tzin Nov Yagur Law Offices – Tel Aviv, Israel, okagan@sbilaw.com
An amendment to the Australian Telecommunications (Interception) Act makes it easier for the police and state authorities to read citizens’ e-mails and text messages. ...
IRS Proposed Rules to Substantiate Business Use of Employer-Provided Cell Phones
Martha L. Arias, Immigration and Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
United States fast-paced business environment prompts employers to provide telecommunication devices to employees so they can achieve business' goals. The Internal Revenue Code ...
Theories on the Value of Networks
Martha L. Arias, IBLS Director.
During the 1990’s, Robert Metcalf, the inventor of the Ethernet, declared that the value of an Internet network is proportional to the number of ...
Universities' Ban to Eliminate File Sharing
IBLS Editorial Department- Shane Greenberg
Universities have proposed the rule of banning computer access to sites that permit file sharing of movies and music which are pirated and loaded ...
Internet Services & Abuse of Dominant Position and Predatory Pricing in the European Union
Martha L. Arias, Immigration and Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
It started long time ago when the liberalization of the economy movement, gradually adopted by most countries, brought private investment to the telecommunication sector. ...
Holland's Telecommunication Act: the Fight Against Spam
IBLS Editorial Department
In 2004, the Netherlands introduced legislation banning the sending of unsolicited electronic messages, commonly known as spam, to natural persons. In 2008, the ban ...
European Parliament Adopts New International Roaming Regulation
IBLS Contributor: Bart Goddyn, Goddyn Belgium, bart.goddyn@goddyn.eu
On 23 May 2007, the plenary session of the European Parliament voted, with a strong majority, for the adoption of a Regulation to reduce ...
Australian Amendment to Broadcasting Services Act
IBLS Contributor: Duncan Giles, Freehills Law Firm, Australia, www.freehills.com.
Schedule 2 of the Broadcasting Services Amendment (Media Ownership) Act 2006 commenced on 4 April 2007. Schedule 2 implements the government’s reforms to Australia’s ...
FCC Rules Comcast Cannot Limit Data Downloads
Kelly O'Connell, IBLS Editor
In a decision meant to protect the vitality of the Internet, the Federal Communications Commission has reacted strongly to Comcast Corp.'s decision to limit ...
How U.S. Companies may Shield from Internet Business Bullies?
Martha L. Arias, IBLS Director.
Business defamation on the Internet, others hilariously call them 'business bullies', is a growing phenomenon. Chat rooms, blogs, massive e-mails, even ...
Brazil's Self-Regulatory Code for Internet Service Providers
Martha L. Arias, Immigration and Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
According to the Brazilian Association of Internet Service Providers (ABRANET) there are currently more than 1,000 ISPs in Brazil. Yet, only 5 large ...
Europe Fights Mobile Malware
Editor, Maricelle Ruiz, IBLS Director – Europe
Just when we thought our computer antivirus would protect us from anything out there…the mobile virus made its grand entrance into Europe. Police started ...
UK Blogger Can’t Sue for Defamation for Posting on His Own Blog
IBLS Editorial Department
The UK High Court recently held that a claimant, who was criticized in the comments section of his own blog, cannot sue for defamation, ...
MIGA Supports Critical Telecommunications Investment in Afghanistan
World Bank Group, www.miga.org
WASHINGTON, DC, July 3, 2007—The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), a member of the World Bank Group, said today it is supporting a new ...
Hong Kong’s Regulation of Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Advertisement
IBLS Editorial Department
Hong Kong's legislation well regulates the sending of unsolicited commercial electronic messages. In May 2007, Hong Kong enacted the Unsolicited Electronic Messages Ordinance (UEMO), ...
Top Communication Complaints by United States Consumers in 2008
Martha L. Arias, IBLS Director
On May 2009, the United States (U.S.) Federal Communications Commission (FCC) released its report on the top subject areas for inquiries and complaints received ...
The Supreme Court of Guam Held that Internet Access Service is Neither a Telephone Service Nor a Supplement to Telephone Service
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
Guam is an island located in the Western Pacific Ocean; it was controlled by Spain from 1668 until 1898 when it was surrendered to ...
Bad Week for Wireless Incumbents
By Roy Mark from Internet News
It was not the best of weeks for the telephone and cable companies who control 98 percent of the U.S. broadband market. First, Federal ...
Indian 'Net Struggles to Meet Demand as Users Switch to Cellphone Access
Kelly O'Connell, IBLS Editor
Question: What country is losing paid Internet subscribers, but adding users? Answer: India, with the unusual distinction of being possibly the only country in ...
Peer-to-Peer Telephony: a new Legislative Challenge
Martha L. Arias, IBLS Director
Internet phone applications or peer-to-peer telephony is likely to become the common telecommunication means in the near future. Indeed, peer-to-peer telephony is ...
EU Blogs Becoming Prominent Players in Elections
Kelly O'Connell, IBLS Editor
While the Internet continues to increase in users and impact, blogs are making themselves felt in the politics of the European Union and will ...
North Korea an Internet Abyss, no Grid Exists to Support Web
Kelly O'Connell, IBLS Editor
A height-challenged, platform shoe wearing dictator sporting Elton John-styled glasses, with a billowing pompadour, spouting empty socialist clichés who also claims bragging rights to ...
What are the Legal Remedies against Spam?
IBLS Contributor Odia Kagan Tel Aviv, Israel, odia@okaganlaw.com
In July 2005 the Knesset confirmed Amendment 33 of the Communications Law (Telecommunications and Broadcasting (5765-2005) which was intended to deal with "the phenomenon ...
Threats Sent via E-mail Constitute a Federal Crime
IBLS Editorial Department
Electronic communications, in particular e-mails, have become a valuable working and social tool in the XXI century. Unfortunately, given its immediate delivery and ...
Special Rights and Privacy under the Sweden Electronic Communications Act
IBLS Editorial Department
Sweden Electronic Communications Act 2003: 389 entered into force on July 25, 2003, and aimed to ensure that private individuals, legal entities, and public ...
US Wireless Internet Services- WIS
Martha L. Arias, Immigration and Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
Wireless Internet services (WIS) allow internet broadband connections via satellite signal or ground-based antennas. Prior to WIS, broadband connections could only be obtained ...
Right to Privacy v. Freedom of Speech on Public Matters
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
When a recipe entails too many ingredients, it becomes more difficult to digest. Well, the same principle applies to legal cases involving too ...
Funerals Going Online in Madras, India
Kelly O'Connell, IBLS Editor
With a population approaching that of New York City, the 7.5 million residents of the southeastern metropolis Chennai, India will assumedly take whatever excuses ...
EU Demands Mobile Roaming Fees be Lowered
Kelly O'Connell, IBLS Editor
The European Union has informed mobile phone companies that they need to lower "roaming fees" for those customers traveling outside of their system by ...
Liability of Service Providers under the European Directive on Electronic Commerce
Martha L. Arias, IBLS Director
Directive 2000/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council is the European Directive on Electronic Commerce ("the E-C Directive”). This Directive was ...
Cyprus Trademark Law and Registration Process
IBLS Editorial Department
Some offshore centres are currently the hosting jurisdiction of e-commerce businesses. For this reason, in addition to competent telecommunication infrastructure, proper tax regimes, established ...
Trusts under Niue’s Laws- They Seem to be Favored by Wealthy Chinese
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney; IBLS Editor
Niue is a coral island in the South Pacific Ocean, to the Northeast of New Zealand. Niue has about 1,400 inhabitants who are predominantly ...
Litigation after the Arbitration Award in International Contracts
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney; IBLS Director
Internet protocol telecommunication networks are among the services gaining international relevance. Large and medium size companies are seeking the services of foreign Internet telecommunication ...
Competition Law and Illegal Information Exchange in Europe
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney; IBLS Director
Dr. Frank L. Fine recently wrote an interesting article titled Information Exchanges under EU Competition Law: Heading for Regulatory Overload. This article addresses ...
Greedy Corporate America: 1 – Internet Neutrality: 0
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
Capitalism is the healthiest form of government; the smaller a government, the better; too much government intervention does not necessarily bring prosperity to a ...
Brave Kentucky Consumers Fought State Sales Tax on DSL Connections
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law attorney; IBLS Editor
It is motivating to emphasize how Kentucky consumers fought the state charge of sales taxes on DSL connections in 2006. A telecommunication company ...
Is the Cable Act Applicable to Internet Services Provided by Cable Companies?
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney; IBLS Editor
Internet service is considered an information service rather than a communication service in the United States. The U.S. Federal Telecommunication Commission (FCC) has ...
U.S.-Belgium Agreement on Pension Plans
Martha L. Arias, Immigration and Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
On January 14, 2010, the government of the United States (U.S.) and the government of the Kingdom of Belgium (Belgium) signed a Competent Authority ...
 
From the Digital Library
Title/Abstract
HOLLAND’S TELECOMMUNICATION ACT: THE FIGHT AGAINST SPAM
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In 2004, the Netherlands introduced legislation banning the sending of unsolicited electronic messages to natural persons. In 2008, the ban was broadened to ...
Costa Rica's E-Signature Law
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Costa Rica’s Law of Digital Signatures, Certificates, and Electronic Documents authorizes the state and public entities to utilize digital certificates, electronic documents and digital ...
U.K. STATUTE REGULATING CHILDREN'S WEBSITE MODERATORS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
From October 12, 2009, pursuant to a commencement order expanding Schedule 4 of the Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006, organizations with interactive Web sites ...
DELETING INTERNET COOKIES BY USING “WASHING” PROGRAM WARRANTS SENTENCE ENHANCEMENT IN PORNOGRAPHY CASE
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In U.S. v. Knighton, (U.S. Ct. App. 3d Cir., Jan. 23, 2009), the defendant appealed a criminal sentence imposed following his guilty plea in ...
INTERNET CENSORSHIP IN SOUTH KOREA
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In 2001, South Korea's Ministry of Information and Communication passed the controversial Internet Content Filtering Ordinance, which regulates the country’s Internet content. ...
Virtual Visitation
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
“Virtual visitation” is a way for divorced parents to communicate with their children via electronic means. In the United States, legislatures and courts are ...
ILLINOIS' SATELLITE TRACKING OF CRIMINALS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Illinois has enacted law 730 ILCS 5/section 5-8A-7, effective January 1, 2009, as a response to the murder of Cindy Bischof by her ...
Australian's Spam Act 2003
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Australia’s Spam Act of 2003 regulates the practice of sending unsolicited commercial electronic messages, as well as the use of address-harvesting software. Violators are ...
Unfair Commercial Practices and Viral Marketing in the United Kingdom
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The United Kingdom Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations (the Regulations), which entered into force on May, 2008, outlaws viral marketing. The Regulations introduce ...
EU DIRECTIVE REQUIRES THAT INTERNET SERVICE PROVIDERS DISCLOSE CONTACT INFORMATION BEFORE FINALIZING E-CONTRACTS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
On October 16, 2008, the European Court of Justice ruled that the Directive on Electronic Commerce 2000/31/EC requires online service providers to supply customers ...
APPLICATION OF THE DOCTRINE OF ESTOPPEL TO ELECTRONIC AGREEMENTS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In theory, the doctrine of promissory and equitable estoppel is applicable to contracts that are negotiated and/or concluded electronically. However, given the nature of ...
ACCESSING FORMER EMPLOYER'S E-MAIL MAY VIOLATE THE U.S. STORED COMMUNICATIONS ACT
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
A United States federal district court held that intentionally accessing personal e-mails belonging to others may constitute a violation of the Stored Communications Act ...
WEBSITE ACCESS FOR THE DISABLED UNDER UNITED KINGDOM LAW
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Employment tribunals and courts in the United Kingdom have held Website operators liable for disability discrimination with regards to accessibility to such Websites. A ...
DISCLOSURE OF E-MAILS UNDER STATE PUBLIC RECORDS ACTS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Unites States courts have consistently held that although e-mail communications by public officials, in general, fall within the definition of “public records” under various ...
ARIZONA COURT HOLDS THAT HOSTILE BLOGS ARE NOT SUFFICIENT TO GRANT A CHANGE OF VENUE REQUEST
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
A district court in Arizona ruled that biased Web blogs that expressed hostility towards the plaintiffs’ case did not provide sufficient grounds for change ...
USE OF MOBILE PHONE GEOLOCATION IN IRELAND'S CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Although the geolocation technique, known as cell site analysis, can be used to determine the location or the movement of mobile phones, it may ...
FRAUD AND MONEY LAUNDERING IN SECOND LIFE VIRTUAL WORLDS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Cyber criminals are increasingly turning to the opportunities that virtual worlds offer to launder money earned from fraud, malware, and other illegal activities. The ...
IOWA COURTS AWARD DAMAGES TO INTERNET SERVICE PROVIDERS HARMED BY SPAMMING ACTIVITIES
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Iowa courts have awarded large amounts for damages to Internet service providers (ISPs) that claimed having been harmed by spamming activities. Courts decisions are ...
COPYRIGHT OWNERS REQUIRED TO CONSIDER FAIR USE DOCTRINE BEFORE ISSUING TAKEDOWN NOTICE UNDER THE DIGITAL MILLENNIUM COPYRIGHT ACT
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In a case of first impression, a United States district court has ruled that, under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C. § 512 ...
Anti-Spam Law in Peru
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Peru passed Law 28493 on April 12, 2005, to regulate spam. The National Institute for the Defense of Competition and Protection of Intellectual Property ...
E-MAILS EXCHANGE BETWEEN GROUP MEMBERS DID NOT CONSTITUTE CONSPIRACY UNDER THE SHERMAN ACT
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit upheld a district court decision holding that e-mail communications between parties to the Third Generation ...
Court Upholds Validity of a Union's Resolution Requiring Campaign Websites to Have Password-Protection
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Unites States District Court for the District of Columbia upheld a union resolution requiring a union local’s election Website to be password-protected. The ...
Tonga's Rules for Internet Corporations
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Since 2000, The South Pacific Island of Tonga has embarked on regulation and rapid expansion of its Internet and telecommunications legal framework. The Tongan ...
UNITED KINGDOM CONSUMER PROTECTION (DISTANCE SELLING) REGULATIONS 2000
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The United Kingdom Consumer Protection (Distance Selling) Regulations 2000, implementing European Council Directive (97/7/EC), came into force on October 31, 2000. It aims to ...
PATENTABILITY OF BUSINESS METHODS IN THE UNITED STATES
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
An en banc court panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit significantly narrowed the scope of patentability for business methods. ...
ADMISSIBILITY OF HEARSAY IN THE CONTEXT OF TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEMS FOR THE HEARING IMPAIRED
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In Germano v. Int'l Profit Ass'n, Case No. 07-3914 (7th Cir. Sept. 12, 2008), the National Association of the Deaf (NAD) and a private ...
New Jersey State’s Constitutional Right to Privacy for Internet Users
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Supreme Court of New Jersey has recognized an Internet user’s right to privacy as a basis for suppressing evidence in court. ...
ALASKA CRIME OF UNAUTHORIZED EMAIL ACCESS & APPLICABLE LAW
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
On September 17, 2008, an email account used by US vice presidential candidate Sarah Palin was breached by a hacker. The contents of her ...
APPLYING THE WIRETAP ACT TO E-MAIL HACKING
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
A number of recent court decisions have addressed the issue of whether the hacking or stealing of e-mails violates the Federal Wiretap Act, reaching ...
FCC UPHOLDS NET NEUTRALITY BY ORDERING REMOVAL OF TRANSFER BARRIERS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Net neutrality is the notion that Internet providers must transmit all content at equal speed. In August 2008, the FCC issued a ruling, ...
Malaysian Blog Censorship
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
On August 28, 2008, all twenty-one Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the country were ordered to block the Website of Malaysia Today, the country’s ...
ASTROTURFING PROHIBITED BY THE EU DIRECTIVE ON UNFAIR COMMERCIAL PRACTICES
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
"Astroturfing" is using Websites to create a false impression of grass-roots support for a product or service, where testimonies are intended to look ...
WASHINGTON STATE’S ANTI-SPYWARE LEGISLATION AND CASE LAW
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Washington State enacted a Computer Spyware Act (the “Act”) in 2005 with the intention of preventing the installation and use of unauthorized spyware software ...
ETHICAL CHALLENGES POSED BY THE TRANSMISSION OF METADATA
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Several U.S. attorney disciplinary bodies have issued opinions on the dangers of counsel’s inadvertently transmitting attorney-client confidences within metadata embedded within electronic documents, and ...
CLASS ACTION LAWSUITS FILED AGAINST GOOGLE AND OTHER SEARCH ENGINES FOR PLACING ADVERTISEMENT ON UNDESIRABLE WEBPAGES
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Advertisers have launched a number of lawsuits against well-known search engine companies such as Yahoo! and Google, accusing them of placing their Ads on ...
E-SPORT REGULATIONS IN CHINA
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
E-sports, or video game tournaments, have become increasingly popular in China. At the same time, Chinese regulations governing the e-sports market are extraordinarily restrictive ...
LIBEL LAWSUIT REGARDING A FAKE FACEBOOK PROFILE SUCCEDS IN U.K. HIGH COURT
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The England and Wales High Court, Queen’s Bench Division, awarded damages to a plaintiff that claimed his former friend posted a libelous false profile ...
SPAM LAWS IN ROMANIA
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Advertisers often use electronic mail as a means to send unsolicited bulk messages known as ‘spam.’ Spam constitutes about eighty percent of all e-mail ...
Online Data Privacy Protection Under Colombian Law
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Colombia’s Constitution, statutes, and case law all contain provisions respecting data protection. However, privacy protection remains a concern because Colombia does not have a ...
LIABILITY FOR CYBER-BULLYING UNDER THE COMPUTER FRAUD AND ABUSE ACT
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Cyber-bullying can be an extremely dangerous activity that may lead to lasting physical and emotional harm to its victims. To address the problem of ...
ANTI-SPAM LAWS IN ARGENTINA
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Data Protection of Argentina Act (the “Act”) grants Argentinean citizens the right to request that a sender of spam mail ceases its transmission, ...
MEXICAN SPAM LAW
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Mexican law approaches the spam problem not through specific anti-spam legislation, but instead through a consumer protection law that is designed to regulate advertising ...
TELECOMMUTING AND UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT CLAIMS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Maxine Allen v. Commissioner of Labor established a New York State precedent regarding the eligibility of telecommuters to receive unemployment benefits. The case concerned ...
ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE ACT- HUNGARY
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Hungary Electronic Signature Act (ESA) was promulgated on June 12, 2001 by the Hungarian Parliament, and came into effect on September 1, 2001. ...
TAIWAN REGULATIONS FOR RATING OF INTERNET CONTENT LAW 2005
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Taiwan is a large island in Eastern Asia, off the southeastern coast of China, with an area of about 36,000 square miles. It is ...
BLOGS UNDER OMAN ELECTRONIC TRANSACTIONS LAW 2008
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
On May 18, 2008, the Electronic Transactions Law 69/2008 of the Sultanate of Oman was issued by His Majesty’s Royal Decree. This is the ...
HONG KONG'S SPAM LAW
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
On June 1, 2007, Hong Kong telecommunications industry regulator, Office of the Telecommunications Authority (OFTA), enacted the Unsolicited Electronic Messages Ordinance (UEMO), Chapter 593. ...
ANTI-SPAM LAWS IN TURKEY
IBLS Charter Partner - Staff Attorney
This summary discusses law provisions on spamming prevention in Turkey. The discussion includes examples of international practice in this legal area. ...
ANTI-SPAM REGULATION IN JAPAN
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Japanese authorities sought to curtail proliferation of spam through the Law on Regulation of Transmission of Specified Electronic Mail (Law No. 26 of April ...
ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE LAW IN ROMANIA
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The European Union Directive 1999/93/EC sought to strengthen the requirements for electronic signatures and promote e-commerce in Europe. Its provisions are incorporated in Romanian ...
The South African National Gambling Amendment Bill
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The South African National Gambling Amendment Bill (the “NGAB”) legalizes online gambling in South Africa and establishes a licensing and regulatory system for this ...
TURKEY PASSES NEW INTERNET CRIMES LAW
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
On 4 May 2007, the Turkish Parliament adopted the Turkish law No. 5651, regulating Internet content and listing crimes that can be committed ...
ENCRYPTION LAW IN ISRAEL
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Encryption is an important issue in Israel because of security concerns and the need to keep communications private, especially bearing in mind Israel's many ...
THE EXECUTION OF A CONTRACT IN THE INTERNET ENVIRONMENT
IBLS Charter Partner - Staff Attorney
The Turkish Obligations Code, article 1, sets the means for the execution of a contract. Accordingly, for the execution of a contract, the opposite ...
INDONESIAN ELECTRONIC INFORMATION AND TRANSACTION BILL OF MARCH 2008
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Indonesia has recently passed a bill covering the Internet that focuses upon both web content and business transactions, although the Government admitted one goal ...
IRANIAN INTERNET LAW
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The country of Iran, with 70 million resident is a place with a strong education history and boasts a notable cultural heritage. This is ...
THE UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE AND INTERNET FRAUD
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Untied States Postal Inspection Service (USPIS) is the law enforcement agency assigned with the task of protecting U.S. mail and U.S. postal facilities. ...
PROSECUTION OF CYBER STALKING IN NEW JERSEY
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
New Jersey uses its general anti-stalking statutes and sex offender statutes to prosecute and prevent cyber stalking. This article will answer the following questions: ...
FEDERAL CRIMINAL SANCTIONS FOR COMMITTING INTERNET INVESTMENT FRAUD
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Department of Justice (DOJ), through the Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Division of the Untied States Attorneys Office (CCIPS), has used a variety ...
THE GERMAN BAN TO ONLINE GAMBLING
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
As of January 2008, an anti-online gambling treaty has been passed in Germany following ratification by the majority of German states. This treaty has ...
CYBERSTALKING LAW OF AUSTRALIA
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In 1999, largely in response to data derived from international reports regarding the potential damage of cyberstalking, the Australian Federal Government amended its criminal ...
TO WHOM DO SEARCH ENGINE SEARCH WORDS BELONG?
IBLS Charter Partner - Staff Attorney
A US court held in 2005 that advertisers who use their competitors' trademarks in the Google search engine do not breach the law and ...
MALAWI INTERNET SERVICE PROVIDER LICENSING
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
At one time known as the British protectorate of Nyasaland, this landlocked southeastern African colony became the independent nation of Malawi in 1964. Being ...
UK CYBERSTALKING: PROTECTION FROM HARASSMENT ACT 1997 & THE FELICTY JANE LOWDE PROSECUTION
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
A recent British court case has highlighted the importance of the U.K. Protection from Harassment Act of 1997, in a situation involving two bloggers. ...
ANDORRAN DOMAIN REGISTRATION
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Andorra is one of the smallest countries in the world, and only recently came under self-rule. But given that the little state tucked away ...
U.S. CYBERSTALKING LAW CRIMINALIZES “ANNOYANCE”
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act makes it illegal to anonymously annoy people by using a computer, which the lawmakers insist is only meant ...
DOMAIN REGISTRATION IN ITALY
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Domain names ending with the .it country code Top Level Domain (ccTLD) for Italy are registered and managed by ccTLD .it registry (nic.it), an ...
DOMAIN NAME REGISTRATION IN GERMANY
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The registry for the .de domain is administered by DENIC in Germany. The Domain Name Contract with DENIC can be concluded once the registration ...
TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR DOMAIN NAME REGISTRATION IN BELGIUM
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The official ‘.be’ domain name in Belgium is registered through accredited agents or registrars of the DNS BE on behalf of their individual clients. ...
DEFENDING YOURSELF AGAINST INTERNET LIBEL
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The law of defamation does apply to the Internet, although it is harder to apply for various reasons. First, you have the difficulty of ...
UNDERSTANDING INTERNET DEFAMATION
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The law of Defamation has come under renewed scrutiny with the advent of the Internet. This is largely because it is the nature of ...
LICENSING INTERNET CASINOS IN THE EU: THE BRITISH EXAMPLE
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The U.K. Gambling Commission is in 2007 implementing the Gambling Act of 2005 that was drafted to standardize all forms of British wagering under ...
TOUGH NEW GERMAN ANTI—HACKING LAW THREATENS 10 YEARS IN PRISON
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Hackers in Germany should be very careful to cover their tracks after the Bundestag passed a law in May 2007 that makes such computer ...
OVERVIEW OF U.S. CAN-SPAM ACT OF 2003
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
On December 16, 2003, President George W. Bush signed into law the Controlling the Assault of Non-Solicited Pornography and Marketing Act of 2003 (CAN-SPAM ...
NOTICE AND TAKEDOWN PROVISIONS OF THE DIGITAL MILLENNIUM COPYRIGHT ACT (DCMA)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The most recently enacted U.S. Copyright law, the Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 (DMCA) is an attempt by Congress to enter the ...
U.S. COPYRIGHT CRACKDOWN- OR WHEN 24 HOURS EQUAL THREE YEARS?
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Producers of the hit FOX series “24” were astonished to find copies of upcoming, never broadcasted shows on the Internet, and they sprang into ...
DEFAMATION LAW IN AUSTRALIA
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Australian law on defamation tends to follow its English counterpart, although there are differences introduced by state statutes and by an implied constitutional ...
INTERNET CENSORSHIP DURING A TIME OF WAR
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Currently we are in a war fighting against the violation of human rights. We are fighting for democracy and freedom of all mankind. In ...
INTERNET UNDER ATTACK BY ZOMBIE COMPUTERS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Innocent PC users may have unknowingly contributed to massive attacks by hackers on the root servers of the Internet many times. It is believed ...
"NET NEUTRALITY" LAW: TO THE TUNE OF $70 BILLION, ACCORDING TO NEW STUDY
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
What is Net Neutrality & will it help or hurt the Internet's development in the long run? This article will answer these questions, regarding ...
BLOG COPYRIGHT: WHO OWNS MY COMMENTS, WHAT LAW GOVERNS?
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The popularity of blogging is such it is claimed a new blog is created around the world, one a second. As anyone who has ...
THE U.S. COMMUNICATION DECENCY ACT AND LIABILITY OF INTERNET SERVICE PROVIDERS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) provide a wide variety of Internet related services to millions of users. This huge spectrum of services undoubtedly subjects ...
INTERNET CHILD PORNOGRAPHY LAWS IN CANADA
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In order to protect children from sexual exploitation through the use of the Internet, Canadian Legislators amended the Criminal Code by passing Bill C-15A. ...
419 SCAM:A NEW WAY FOR IDENTITY THEFT
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The 419 scam or the 'Nigerian Advance Fee' fraud is a fraudulent e-mail scam which takes the form of e-mail messages that generally claim ...
ONLINE SALES AND PERSONAL JURISDICTION UNDER OKLAHOMA STATE LAW
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Lively v. Ijam, Inc., OK. Civ. App. 29, 21 (OKLA. Ct. App. 2005) This summary illustrates, through state case law, how Oklahoma Courts interpret ...
E-MAIL BOMBING AND LOGIC BOMBING
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
E-mail bombing and logic bombing are among the latest trends in cyber crime. The term E-mail bombing refers to sending a large amount of ...
CHALLENGES IN CLASSIFYING VOIP SERVICES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The European Union regulatory framework for electronic communications aims to provide a coherent regulatory scheme for all transmission networks and services within the European ...
PEER TO PEER MUSIC SHARING SINCE MGM V. GROKSTER (2005)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
While private person to person Internet file sharing has proceeded seemingly unabated since the 2005 MGM v. Grokster U.S. Supreme Court decision, the Court ...
UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT (ICE) INVESTIGATES INTERNET CRIMES THROUGH ITS CYBER CRIMES CENTER
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Many crimes that can be committed in the "real" world can be committed using computers and the Internet. Like other countries, the United States ...
THE CHILD EXPLOITATION SECTION OF UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT IS RESOLUTE TO APPREHEND INTERNET CHILD PORNOGRAPHERS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s (ICE) Cyber Crimes Center has achieved vast success in identifying and apprehending Internet child pornographers over the ...
ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL TO THE CONVENTION ON CYBER CRIME, CONCERNING THE CRIMINALIZATION OF ACTS OF A RACIST AND XENOPHOBIC NATURE COMMITTED THROUGH COMPUTER SYSTEMS ((ETS NO. 189)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Council of Europe issued an additional protocol to the Convention on Cyber Crime, which was the first international treaty on crimes committed via ...
LEGISLATION INVOLVING PHISHING IN THE UNITED STATES
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Ever since 1998, Federal law and state laws in almost all of the states in United States have enacted explicit criminal legislation related to ...
SALES TAX IN MINESSOTA
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Dexma, Inc. provided and maintained an online Internet based system for the purpose of compiling, interpreting and transmitting information regarding home mortgage loan borrowers ...
CISCO SYS. V. THORSEN, 68 VA. CIR. 385, 2005
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Cisco Sys ("Cisco") is in the business of selling various types of Internet equipment and was also a wholesale provider of Internet services. Cisco ...
THE IMPACT OF TELECOM SECTOR PRIVATIZATION ON E- COMMERCE IN BRAZIL
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Telecom infrastructure is often a barrier for developing countries aspiring to e-commerce development, as in the case of Brazil, where a poor original telecom ...
ARGENTINIAN PROGRESS IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND E-COMMERCE
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The partial deregulation and privatization of telecommunications began in Argentina in the early 1990s. While Argentina has privatized some portions of its telecommunications sector, ...
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES TELECOM INDUSTRY AND E-COMMERCE
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), telecom and Internet penetration are already at high levels. The government's primary aim is to offer higher-quality services. ...
Minimum Contacts in California for Jurisdiction Purposes
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The California Supreme Court affirmed the Court of Appeal’s judgment holding that the defendants had sufficient contacts with California to justify the exercise of ...
Regulation of VoIP Services in the United Kingdom
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
On February 22, 2006, Ofcom published a consultation setting out its revised approach to the regulation of VoIP. Important changes in this consultation include ...
Regulation of VoIP Services in the European Union
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In order to encourage competition between Internet carriers of telephone traffic and traditional telephone the European Commission favors an EU-wide light touch approach to ...
Liberalization of the Telecommunication Sector and Growth of E-Commerce in Singapore
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Liberalization of telecommunication businesses in Singapore gave telecom operators, Internet service providers (ISPs) and application service providers (ASPs) the impetus to look for cost-effective ...
Classification of VoIP Services in the United States
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
This summary addresses the issue of whether VoIP is subject to common carrier obligations as a telecommunications service under Title II of the Telecommunications ...
Romania’s Progress In Electronic Commerce – After Accession On January 2007
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
As of January 1, 2007, Romania joined the European Union and accepted the constitutional treaty ratifying its accession. As Romania’s number of Internet users ...
The Value of Assets of all Telephone and Telegraph Companies in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
RCN-BecoCom, LLC, (“RCN”) provided telephone, cable television, and Internet services to Massachusetts residents. RCN requested the Commissioner to centrally value its statutory property pursuant ...
Sports Betting Websites Located Abroad Offering Services to U.S. Citizens
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (the "Second Circuit”) affirmed the judgment of the United States District Court for the ...
Venezuelan President Proposes To Re-nationalize Country’s Largest Telecom Company In Order To Curtail Its Monopoly In Internet Market
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Government of Venezuela gives priority to Internet promotion. In 1991, the Government had privatized the telecom sector, including CA Nacional Telefonos de Venezuela ...
Regulation and Taxation of Voice over the Internet Protocol (VoIP) in the United States
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The United States Congress has passed several regulatory acts to prevent states from exercising regulatory authority over new Internet services, and also gave the ...
Comcast v. Telephone Utility Tax in Seattle
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Warning: this case was reversed by the Supreme Court of Washington. An update of this case is found in the IBLS article titled: Taxation ...
Electronic Tax Filing in Canada
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Internet has not only changed the way of doing the business, but it has also modified the process of filing tax returns. E-filing ...
European Union's Guidelines on Electronically Supplied Services
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The VAT on E-Commerce Directive amended Article 9 of the EC Sixth VAT Directive to include electronically supplied services. The European Union VAT Committee ...
Concentric Network Corp. v. Commonwealth, 897 A.2d 6 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 2006)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The petitioner purchased equipment required to route customer data to its intended destination and to analyze incoming data at such destination. As petitioner did ...
Bellsouth Telecommunications, Inc. V. Ruth E. Johnson, Commissioner Of Revenue Of State Of Tennessee, No. M2005-00865-coa-r3-cv, 2006.
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Tennessee Department of Revenue assessed a tax on BellSouth’s voice mail services, finding that they are subject to sales and use taxes as ...
The WTO Committee of Participants on the Expansion of Trade in Information Technology Products
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The World Trade Organization (WTO) Committee of Participants on the Expansion of Trade in Information Technology Products was established to carry out the provisions ...
CITY OF CHICAGO v. AT&T BROADBAND, INC. ET AL, NO. 02 C 7517 (2003)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois, Eastern Division 2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 15453 (No. 02 C 7517) (2003) granted ...
Shaw v. Hyatt: A Practical Application of the Consumer Fraud Act
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Plaintiff, Shaw, sued the Defendant, Hyatt International Corporation, under the Consumer Fraud Act and for unjust enrichment claiming that the Plaintiff booked a ...
PRODIGY SERV'S CORP., INC. v. RUTH E. JOHNSON, COMMISSIONER OF REVENUE, STATE OF TENNESSEE, M2002-00918-SC-R11-CV, 2003.
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Chancery Court decided that companies that provide communication services through the use of the Internet are not regulated as "telecommunication service providers" and ...
Arbitration Provisions in Cable Contracts
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Plaintiff, Shlomo Bar-Ayal, brought an action for damages against the Defendant, Time Warner Cable, Inc. The Plaintiff alleged that Defendant unlawfully collected franchise ...
Licensing Remote Gaming Operations in Malta
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
To operate remote gaming services from Malta, an appropriate license must first be attained. The Remote Gaming Regulations 2004 have extended the types of ...
Safe Harbor Provisions for Internet Service Providers under the Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act (OCILLA)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act (OCILLA), 17 U.S.C.S. §512, established four Safe Harbor provisions for Internet service providers (ISP’s) sued for copyright ...
Gambling In Antigua And Barbuda
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Internet gaming industry has benefited from high-quality telecommunication facilities at highly competitive prices, lower than in other Internet gaming jurisdictions, in Antigua and ...
E-commerce Taxation In Gibraltar
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Government of Gibraltar is committed to develop Gibraltar as an e-friendly jurisdiction. There is legislation in place liberalizing telecommunications and implementing European Union ...
E-commerce Taxation In Florida
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In Florida the same taxes and rules that apply to a traditional “Main Street” merchant will apply to merchants who carry out business over ...
Electronic Record-keeping Requirements: Statutory Provisions
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The United States requires e-commerce sellers to store their business records electronically. To have confidence in the processes and methodology used to store records ...
Electronic Tax Filing: The Fastest And Most Convenient Way To File U.s. Tax Returns
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The term E-commerce is not just limited to business transactions through the Internet. It also extends to electronic tax filing. The Internal Revenue Service ...
E-commerce Taxation Overview In Missouri
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
A tax equivalent to four percent on the basic rate paid or charged on all sales of local and long distance telecommunications service is ...
Automated Payment Transaction (APT) Tax
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The APT concept is elegant in its simplicity - potentially replacing the entire federal and state tax system - including income, corporate profit, excise ...
Application of the Fair Use Doctrine in Intellectual Property and Search Engines Litigation
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The United States (U.S.) Copyrights Legislation appears in title 17 of the United States Code (17 U.S.C.S –The Copyright Act). Title 17 U.S.C.S. ...
Electronic Data Interchange (edi)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Article 2 of the EC Recommendation 1994/820/EC defines EDI as “the electronic transfer, from computer to computer, of commercial and administrative data using an ...
Wpf Updates Guidelines To Protect The Privacy Of Search Engine Users
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
An AOL employee posted the search information of more than 650,000 search engine users online. Despite company efforts to correct this situation, the information ...
E-commerce Taxation In Tennessee
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The speedy expansion of E-commerce has replenished the dispute over the right of states and localities to levy sales and use taxes on interstate ...
Bangladesh Marching Towards E-Commerce Taxation
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Bangladesh enjoys an annual economic growth rate of approximately 50% per annum. Yet in spite of this impressive rate of growth, Bangladesh has been ...
The Legal Significance Of Electronic Signatures In The Eu
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
All European countries have implemented the EU’s Electronic Signature Directive 1999/93/EC to a greater or lesser extent, with or without restrictions, by investing electronic ...
EDI Agreements
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The benefits of electronic commerce are widely accepted. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) in particular has evoked considerable interest in recent years. To enjoy the ...
UK may fine online operators that block attempts to close accounts
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The United Kingdom is said to be reviewing allegations regarding possible attempts by online companies to block the closing of personal accounts and the ...
The Taxation of E-Commerce in Sweden
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In this era of information technology the traditional way of doing business has been drastically changed. The number of Internet users who have bought ...
The Role Of The Ftc: A Market Watcher Fighting Against Deceptive Practices In The Search Engine Industry
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Online marketing is becoming popular among both sellers and consumers. To survive cutthroat competition in online marketing, sellers resort to various marketing tricks. Some ...
Google: Beware Of Unethical Search Engine Optimizers
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Google has guidelines in place to keep companies from falling victims of rogue search engine optimizers. SEOs are consultants that work with companies to ...
Internet Hate Speech
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Hate speech is a term given to expression which is offensive, abusive intimidating, harassing or which incites violence, hatred or discrimination. The term also ...
Keyword Disputes in the International Arena
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Due to the global nature of Internet transactions, trademark infringements are quite common. New navigation methods, such as keyword systems, further increase the complexity ...
The Eu May Adopt Legislation To Keep Young, Mobile-phone Users Safe
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The European Union is in the process of determining whether state intervention is needed to keep children who use mobile phones safe. So far, ...
Expert: Search Law Is Not Uniform; Search Engines Are Not Neutral
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The emergence of a neutral search engine or a unified search engine law is highly unlikely, according to Stefan Bechtold of Germany’s Max Planck ...
Are Telecommunication Regulations Applicable To Search Engines?
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The widening of telecommunication regulations, contained in Title 47 of the U.S. Code, to encompass search technologies in the form of “search engines” is ...
Internet Liability Insurance
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
New legislation continues to create potential liabilities, particularly in the areas of user privacy and domain infringement. This makes Internet users more susceptible to ...
Governments’ Interest In Search Engine Regulations
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
As a regulatory body, government needs to be aware of all social, cultural, political and technological changes affecting the daily lives of its citizens ...
‘paying' For Higher Ranking On Search Engines: The Need For Disclosure And Company Liability For Non-disclosure
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Online marketing is becoming popular among both sellers and consumers. To survive cutthroat competition in online marketing, the sellers resort to various marketing tricks ...
US Laws Applicable to Internet Intellectual Property Infringements
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Wrongful practices on the Internet are affecting genuine copyrights and trademark owners, sellers, and bonafide consumers. In order to curb such intellectual property ever-increasing ...
Freedom of Information and Search Engines: Do Search Engines and the Internet Make your Private Information Public?
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
One of the benefits of this modern era is that search engines enable people to retrieve information from the Internet very easily. This power, ...
Emerging Trends Of Search Engine Technology
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Both the nature and scope of information on the Internet are evolving quickly. Future search services will no longer be restricted to conventional computing ...
Image Searches and the Issue of Copyrights
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Image search engines are software engines that find images on the web and make them available for the general public. Many Internet users ...
Cyber Stalking
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In the United States, most stalking laws require the wrongdoer to become a threat to the victim or to the victim's family members. The ...