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83 articles found for Online Contracting

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From the News Portal
Title/Abstract
Public procurement: Commission Promotes Online Advertising of Public Contracts EU-wide
Taken from www.europa.eu.int
...
UN Commission on International Trade Law Concludes 38th Session in Vienna
Taken from the United Nations Information Service -Unis- Vienna
...
Trading Electronically in New Zealand
Inland Revenue Service, New Zealand
...
SBA Announces New Internet Reporting System for Small Business Subcontracting
Small Business Administration
...
Australia Electronic Transaction Act- Advice for Commonwealth Departments
Australian Government, Attorney's General Department
...
Internal market: Commission seeks mandate to negotiate UN Convention on “e-contracting”
Taken from the European Union Official Portal
...
Internal market: Commission seeks mandate to negotiate UN Convention on “e-contracting”
European Union
...
Korea E-commerce Sales In The Second Quarter 2007
Korea National Statistical Office
The total size of e-commerce transactions amounted to 125,872 billion won in the second quarter 2007.The total size increased by 9,875 billion won or ...
Alibaba, the largest China E-commerce Company Hires American Company for its Online Communications Project
Martha L. Arias, IBLS Director.
Alibaba, the largest China’s e-commerce company, hired Lyrics Technologies, an American online marketing company, to handle Alibaba’s communications with its clients. Alibaba ...
International Electronic Contracting: The Un Contribution
Lisandro A. Allende and Mariana A. Miglino, Brons & Salas Law Firm, Argentina.
Complying with its organizational objectives, the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) has created a Convention, whose main purpose is to promote ...
EU lifts longstanding public procurement sanctions against US
European Union
...
Legal Instruments On International Contracts, Safety Of Un Personnel
United Nations
...
Computer Contracts and International Law
Martha L. Arias, IBLS Director
Computer or Internet contracts are increasingly being celebrated between parties located in foreign countries. Although experienced companies on these international dealings carefully select ...
Software Contracts and the Predominant Factor Test to Determine UCC Applicability
Martha L. Arias, IBLS Director
It is complex to determine whether the United States Commercial Code (UCC) applies to software contracts. The UCC applies to the sale of goods ...
The Convoluted World of Online Purchases: What can I do if my Purchase is not Delivered?
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
What can I do if my online purchase is not delivered, or it is delivered late? These are the most common questions regarding ...
Envisioned Effects of E-Commerce in the European Union’s Single Market -Part II
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
This is the second part of this article. In part I, an introduction and the first two categories of effects of e-commerce in ...
Electronic Commerce and Technology
Canada National Statistical Agency
Online sales recorded their fifth consecutive year of double-digit growth in 2006, as e-commerce gained momentum among Canadian retailers. Private and public sector online sales ...
Can the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods Be Applied to E-commerce Contracts?
Martha L. Arias, Immigration and Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
Although the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods ("CISG”) was enacted in 1980 when e-commerce was still a distant ...
Federal Taxes: are you an Employee or a Contractor?
Martha L. Arias, Immigration and Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
United States employers are increasingly hiring personnel as contractors rather than employees. Not to mention those who are hired as employees, but with ...
Contracts of Sale in Brazil
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
Brazil is one of the largest countries and economies in South America, and the fifth largest country in the world, both by geographical area ...
Is the Online ‘Sale’ of Contact Lenses an Information Society Service in Europe?
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Editor
Directive 2000/31/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of June 8, 2000, known as the Directive on Electronic Commerce, is the community law ...
Can Children Enter into Legally Binding Online Contracts Using their Parents’ Credit Cards?
Martha L. Arias, Attorney at Law; IBLS Editor
A yes or no answer to this question may not be possible at this time. Legislation on information technology matters, particularly those pertaining ...
 
From the Digital Library
Title/Abstract
Costa Rica's E-Signature Law
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Costa Rica’s Law of Digital Signatures, Certificates, and Electronic Documents authorizes the state and public entities to utilize digital certificates, electronic documents and digital ...
Macedonian E-Commerce Law
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Macedonian regulates e-commerce through the Electronic Commerce Law 2007. This law creates an e-commerce legal framework covering online contracts, communication, and information society services. ...
CONTRACTUAL CLAIMS AGAINST SOCIAL WEBSITES FOR UNINTENTIONALLY CONNECTING USERS WITH UNDERAGE FEMALES
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In Doe v. SexSearch.com, the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit held that using a sex encounter Website, which already prohibits ...
EU DIRECTIVE REQUIRES THAT INTERNET SERVICE PROVIDERS DISCLOSE CONTACT INFORMATION BEFORE FINALIZING E-CONTRACTS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
On October 16, 2008, the European Court of Justice ruled that the Directive on Electronic Commerce 2000/31/EC requires online service providers to supply customers ...
APPLICATION OF THE DOCTRINE OF ESTOPPEL TO ELECTRONIC AGREEMENTS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In theory, the doctrine of promissory and equitable estoppel is applicable to contracts that are negotiated and/or concluded electronically. However, given the nature of ...
UNITED KINGDOM CONSUMER PROTECTION (DISTANCE SELLING) REGULATIONS 2000
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The United Kingdom Consumer Protection (Distance Selling) Regulations 2000, implementing European Council Directive (97/7/EC), came into force on October 31, 2000. It aims to ...
CAN ONLINE SERVICE PROVIDERS ALTER THEIR PRICING SCHEME DURING THE CONTRACT PERIOD?
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Online service providers often alter the pricing schemes that they charge clients during the duration of the contract period. The legal basis for the ...
COURT DISMISSES STUDENTS’ COPYRIGHT CLAIM IN FAVOR OF PLAGIARISM DETECTING PROGRAM “TURNITIN”
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In a recent decision, A.V. v. iParadigms, Civ. Act. No. 07-0293 E.D. Va., March 11, 2008, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District ...
COURT UPHOLDS THE VALIDITY OF A CLICKWRAP AGREEMENT ENTERED INTO WITH MINORS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In a recent decision, A.V. v. iParadigms, Civ. Act. No. 07-0293 E.D. Va., March 11, 2008, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District ...
ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE ACT- HUNGARY
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Hungary Electronic Signature Act (ESA) was promulgated on June 12, 2001 by the Hungarian Parliament, and came into effect on September 1, 2001. ...
NEW MEXICO SUPREME COURT OVERTURNS DELL CLASS ACTION BAN IN A COMPUTER MEMORY CASE
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The New Mexico Supreme Court upheld a class action suit filed against Dell on behalf of individual customers on the basis of a claim ...
BLOGS UNDER OMAN ELECTRONIC TRANSACTIONS LAW 2008
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
On May 18, 2008, the Electronic Transactions Law 69/2008 of the Sultanate of Oman was issued by His Majesty’s Royal Decree. This is the ...
ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE LAW IN ROMANIA
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The European Union Directive 1999/93/EC sought to strengthen the requirements for electronic signatures and promote e-commerce in Europe. Its provisions are incorporated in Romanian ...
SELLERS’ LIABILITIES IN E-COMMERCE UNDER TURKISH LAW
IBLS Charter Partner - Staff Attorney
This essay discusses sellers’ liabilities on e-commerce activities in Turkey, which are regulated by Turkish Obligations Code (OC) and Commercial Code (CC). ...
THE APPLICABLE LAW IN THE ELECTRONIC COMMERCE
IBLS Charter Partner - Staff Attorney
The issue of applicable law in electronic commerce is still a controversial issue in many aspects. This article aims to highlight some of the ...
THE EXECUTION OF A CONTRACT IN THE INTERNET ENVIRONMENT
IBLS Charter Partner - Staff Attorney
The Turkish Obligations Code, article 1, sets the means for the execution of a contract. Accordingly, for the execution of a contract, the opposite ...
INDONESIAN ELECTRONIC INFORMATION AND TRANSACTION BILL OF MARCH 2008
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Indonesia has recently passed a bill covering the Internet that focuses upon both web content and business transactions, although the Government admitted one goal ...
Borders Online V. State Bd. Of Equalization, 129 Cal. App. 4th 1179 (1st Dist. 2005)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Borders Online, LLC, an out-of-state corporation, is obligated to collect California state use tax on sales of tangible products shipped from out-of-state locations to ...
Characterization of E-Commerce Income in the United States
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The characterization of income is a key taxation element because it determines how income is sourced and taxed. The characterization of e-commerce income is ...
The ICC and the United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The recently concluded United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts (the Convention) is considered to be a positive step ...
The WTO Committee of Participants on the Expansion of Trade in Information Technology Products
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The World Trade Organization (WTO) Committee of Participants on the Expansion of Trade in Information Technology Products was established to carry out the provisions ...
Road Map for E-Commerce Taxation by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) is a world business organization that promotes and enforces fair trade and international economic development. It has enacted ...
Shaw v. Hyatt: A Practical Application of the Consumer Fraud Act
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Plaintiff, Shaw, sued the Defendant, Hyatt International Corporation, under the Consumer Fraud Act and for unjust enrichment claiming that the Plaintiff booked a ...
ICC Guide for E-Contracting
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
E-commerce has led to various challenges and opportunities through new technologies. The proliferation of new technologies is radically shaping business practices, including the increased ...
Tax Tariffs on E-Commerce Transactions in Netherlands
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Netherlands adheres to European Union (EU) regulations for levying tariffs. This generally means country levies import duty on imports from non-EU member countries ...
Tax Tariff in United Kingdom On E-Commerce Transactions
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Commerce through the Internet has gained wide popularity among consumers within the United Kingdom (UK). The category of tax tariffs includes inter alia import ...
Bangladesh Marching Towards E-Commerce Taxation
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Bangladesh enjoys an annual economic growth rate of approximately 50% per annum. Yet in spite of this impressive rate of growth, Bangladesh has been ...
E-commerce Taxation In Denmark: Is A Non-eu Supplier Of Digital Goods And Services In Denmark Exempted From Taxes?
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In order to collect tax revenues from e-commerce transactions, the European Union (EU) introduced an indirect taxation system (value added tax). Denmark, as member ...
The Legal Significance Of Electronic Signatures In The Eu
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
All European countries have implemented the EU’s Electronic Signature Directive 1999/93/EC to a greater or lesser extent, with or without restrictions, by investing electronic ...
Vat In The Czech Republic
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Businesses are required to compute and pay value added tax (VAT) for their entire taxable activities, including both conventional forms of business and e-commerce. ...
Special Scheme For Non-eu Traders For Electronically Supplied Goods And Services
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Special Scheme, laid out in EU Directive2002/38/EC, provides non-EU businesses with an optional, simplified way of registering and accounting electronically for EU VAT. ...
Place Of Supply Rules For Electronically Supplied Services In B2b And B2c Transactions
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Various principles of value added taxation regarding the place of supply of services govern electronically supplied services. The place of supply rules helps in ...
Oecd And The Collection Of Consumption Taxes
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The practical implementation of the Ottawa Taxation Framework Conditions, as they relate to consumption taxation of international cross-border electronic commerce, can be successfully pursued ...
E-commerce Taxation In Greece
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
E-commerce is a global phenomenon. It has fundamentally altered the way business functions and has had great impact on Greece's commercial growth as well ...
Vat In Ireland
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Every sale over the Internet by or to an Irish person involves value added tax (VAT) considerations. The standard rate of VAT in Ireland ...
Vat And E-commerce In Malta
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
VAT was introduced for the first time in Malta in 1995. Since then this turnover tax has gone through different phases. However ...
Payment Cards in the European Union
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Financial markets are pivotal for the functioning of modern economies. The more they are integrated, the more efficient the allocation of economic resources and ...
European Union VAT on E-Commerce Transactions in Germany
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
How Value added tax (VAT) is charged depends on the rates of the seller's country as well as whether the transaction is a B2B ...
E-Commerce Taxation in the Netherlands
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Dutch tax system, like that of many other countries, has not yet been adapted to reflect the special characteristics of e-commerce. This sometimes ...
E-Commerce Legislation in Austria
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The e-commerce market is growing steadily in Austria, both on the technical side as well as in the number of online consumers. In order ...
VAT Registration of Foreigners in Finland
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Value added tax is levied on the selling of goods and services within the framework of business operations in Finland, irrespective of whether the ...
E-Commerce Taxation in Lithuania: The Taxation of Digital Goods and Services
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Even a small country like Lithuania has not escaped the E-commerce revolution. Lithuania's government has taken many steps on such e-commerce issues as VAT ...
Electronic Signature Law Of The Peoples Republic Of China
IBLS Charter Partner - Staff Attorney
The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted the Electronic Signature Law of the People's Republic of China on August 28th, 2004, and ...
Spain's New Electronic Signature Act
IBLS Charter Partner - Staff Attorney
On March 20th, 2004, a new Electronic Signature Act (Law 59/2003 on Electronic Signature, dated December 19th) entered into force in Spain. The new ...
European Regulation on the Guarantee of Consumption Goods
IBLS Charter Partner - Staff Attorney
The European Union (EU) internal market guarantees free circulation of goods among the member states. This free market among the member states extends ...
Global Internet Project
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Global Internet Project (GIP) has become concerned with fostering the growth of the Internet. The GIP is concerned with working toward the ...
GLOBAL INTERNET POLICY INITIATIVE (GIPI)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Global Internet Policy Initiative is predominantly concerned with the development and maintenance of a market-driven Internet. The need for an Internet that ...
Inter-american Convention
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Inter-American Convention has been influenced by other international trade entities including the New York Convention and the Panama Convention. ...
Eurochambres (belgium)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Eurochambres has the purpose of promoting international trade and allowing for international countries to be able to enter the marketplace including small ...
Electronic Communications Act 2000 (United Kingdom)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The changing arena of the Internet and the expanding use of telecommunications has prompted legislation to be passed to address different areas of technology ...
Reasonable Geographic Restrictions On Prohibited Future Employment
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Restrictive covenants have been used as contracts between employers and employees to protect their investment in the employee capital and their confidential information. ...
Wco Customs Data Model
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The use of the Internet can lead to increased information and experience involving the use of exports and settling details such as customs and ...
Department Of Trade And Industry (united Kingdom)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Department of Trade and Industry has been key in promoting that United Kingdom businesses can become more commonplace and become encourage in the ...
E-consumer Gov
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The E-Consumer Gov ensures to enhance the rights of consumer protection and confidence in the world of electronic commerce. Thirteen countries have initialized ...
Internet Auction Fraud
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Internet Auction Fraud has becoming occurring on a more frequent basis. The use of online auctions in which sellers and buyers converge in ...
Implication Of Malaysian Tax Law In Relation To E-commerce
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Malaysian tax system must be examined to determine whether there are corporate tax income issues as well as sales taxes that must be ...
Organization For Economic Cooperation And Development
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has the goal of ensuring that there is an increased potential and facilitation of electronic commerce ...
Certification-service-providers Under Bulgarian Law
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The creation of an advanced electronic signature is a complex procedure implying the use of algorithms, through which the data are generated (the cryptographic ...
The Use Of Mediation In Electronic Commerce Disputes
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The use of mediation has raised issues of whether the process will be useful and whether or not both parties involved will agree to ...
Franchise Agreements And Their Effect On Electronic Commerce
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Franchise agreements allow another to trade on the goodwill and reputation of another to engage in commerce. Franchise agreements are being used more ...
Spain’s Law Of Information Society Services And Electronic Commerce
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The controversial Law of Information Society Services and Electronic Commerce has been implemented. Its impact on the registration of websites as well as ...