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182 articles found for Finance

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From the News Portal
Title/Abstract
Panama the New Digital Frontier
Courtesy from Business Panama, by Nils Petterson
...
Korea E-commerce, Overview
www.e-commerce.com.kr
...
India E-readiness Assessment Report 2004
Department of Information Technology, Government of India
...
China's E-commerce Developments
Jiacheng HE
...
The Growth of Foreign Banking and Investment in the United States
Dr. Valencia Johnson
With the banking industry moving at an accelerated pace, there are various differences between the U.S. and international baking systems in that the government ...
WPP: Aqua acquires marketing and ecommerce technology company in South Africa Applogix
Europa.eu
WPP announces that its majority-owned company, Aqua, South Africa’s largest digital agency and part of Wunderman, has acquired Applogix, a marketing and ecommerce technology ...
Annual Report of the Japanese Economy and Public Finance
Cabinet Office, Government of Japan
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A Critical Review of the Development of Chinese e-Government
Junhua ZHANG
...
IT Financing in Korea
National Statistical Office, Korea
...
China: Economy Expected to Grow Close to 9% Next Year
Taken from www.china-embassy.org
...
The President’s Academic Council discussed issues related to foreign investment in Estonian economy
Press Release from the President of the Republic of Estonia
...
White Paper 2005 Information and Communications in Japan
Taken from manaboo.com
...
E-commerce Growth in Thailand
Oraphan Boonyalug
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Korea: Electronic Commerce
Taken from www.american.edu
...
Internet Penetration in Latin America
Tilan, Trends in Latin America Networking
...
Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructured Projects
United Nations Commission on International Trade Law
...
News Review
By Jie SHEN
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Japan: Types and Number of Ports
Japan Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport
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Korea: Telecommunication Infrastructure
Management of Global Information Technology American University
...
Korea: IT Labor Market
Taken from www.american.edu
...
Computing and Internet Difusion in Costa Rica
By Jürgen Niehaus
...
Consular Information Sheet
By U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs,
A valid passport is required (passports must be valid for the intended period of stay in Japan). For tourist/business stays up to 90 ...
Broadcasting & Cable: House Commerce Approves National Franchise Bill
The U.S. House of Representatives
...
Indian Economy Enters Sustained Boom Periods as Investors Rally
IBLS Editorial Department
When it comes to giant markets that are expanding with almost reckless abandon, India has lately entered the same league as eastern neighbor China. ...
The Enlarged Meeting of the Andean Council of Foreign Ministers and the Commission of the Andean Community
The Andean Community, www.comunidadandina.org
The Andean Community recognizes the existence of different levels of development and economic approaches among the Member Countries, which shall be taken into account ...
OECD removes the Marshall Islands from its List of Unco-operative Tax Havens
Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development, www.oecd.com
The OECD is pleased to announce that the Republic of the Marshall Islands has made a commitment to implement a programme to improve transparency ...
LG Electronics aims to post over $10 bil. in European sales in 2010
Korea Government Official Site
Korea's LG Electronics Inc. will post more than $10 billion in sales from the European market in 2010, thanks to increasing demand for its ...
China-Australia Parliamentary Ties Hailed
China.org.cn
Visiting Chinese President Hu Jintao Wednesday said that exchanges between Chinese and Australian legislatures have contributed to the comprehensive cooperation between both countries. With ...
Work Permits in Turkey
IBLS Charter Partner: Eda Kilic Esq., Just & Fair law Firm, www.justandfair.com
Foreign nationals working in Turkey need to obtain a work permit, working visa and a residence permit in order to be eligible to work ...
New Zealand Economic Growth According to an OECD Report
Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development, www.oecd.com
OECD Review of Innovation Policy reviews the strengths and weaknesses of New Zealand's innovation system and recommends steps the government could take to increase ...
Business Income v. Royalty: How India is Taxing Foreign Bio-Research Companies?
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Editor
Pharmaceutical companies well-established in developed countries are celebrating agreements with companies in other countries for the purpose of helping them develop new drugs or ...
New South Wales Supreme Court confirms implied duties of good faith and mutual trust and confidence
IBLS Contributor: Chris Barton & Amy Murrel, Freehills Law Firm, Australia, www.freehills.com
A decision handed down on Monday 19 February by Justice Rothman of the Supreme Court of New South Wales has confirmed that a duty ...
Electronic Commerce: Selling Internationally – Completing Good Transactions
IBLS Editorial Staff
The U.S. has been working with other countries within the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) to provide e-businesses with good practice guidelines. The ...
Forex reserves should be cut by half: Chinese banker
Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the United States of America
...
CARICOM becomes the newest trade bloc
Caribbean Community- Caricom
...
Barbados- Telecommunications Law
Caribbean Community- Caricom
...
OECD and the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS)
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development- OECD
...
Crossing The Bridge To The European Market
Association of Caribbean States
...
User Manual Hemispheric Database for PC- Free Trade Area of the Americas
By the Inter-American Development Bank
...
Inviting investors into Latin American expansion
Inter-American Development Bank- IDB
...
Singapore-Australia Free Trade Agreement - Consultations with Australian States and Industry
Australia Parliamentaty Secretary to the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Trade
...
Japan: Preliminary Report on the Current Survey of Commerce for November, 2005
Japan Industrial Statistics Office
...
Developing Countries: Some Issues Raised
World Trade Organization
...
China should boost public spending on health and education, says OECD study
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development- OECD
...
Survey of Electronic Commerce and Technology
Taken from Canada's Business and Consumer Site (www.e-com.ic.gc.ca)
...
Canada, France Congratulate CARICOM On Single Market
Caricom
...
Selected Indicators Of Caricom Member States
Caribbean Community- Caricom
...
Mergers: Commission approves acquisition of Scientific-Atlanta by Cisco
European Commission
...
Trade barriers hinder China's rural development
Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the United States of America
...
Microsoft agrees to be IDB’s first strategic partner in Youth Fund for Innovation and Social Action in Latin America and the Caribbean
Press release from the Inter-American Development Bank
...
Review of the Market Liberalization and the Impact on the Caribbean
Caribbean Association of National Telecommunicaton Organizations
...
Jamaica Imports and Total Exports 2001-2004
From the e-jamaica.gov
...
IDB Welcomes First Issuing Bank in Nicaragua under its Trade Finance Facilitation Program (TFFP)
Inter-American Development Bank- IDB
...
India: Guidelines, Steps and Procedures for Planning of IT Projects
India Department of Information Technology
...
U.S.- CAFTA-DR Free Trade Agreement - How U.S. Companies Benefit
From the U.S. Government Export Portal- export.gov
...
Exports of Information Technology Goods: China the World's Leader and Exceeding US
Martha L. Arias, LL.B., J.D., LL.M.
China overtook the United States as the World's leading exporter on Information and Communications Technology (ICT) for the year 2004. ...
Foreign Investment Flows into Latin America and the Caribbean Remained the Same in 2005
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
...
Dominican Republic Business Investment
Taken from Dominican Republic.com
...
Latvia expands broadband and possibilities in rural areas
Editor, Maricelle Ruiz, IBLS Director -- Europe
The European Union has endorsed and will co-finance a project to bring broadband communications to under-served regions in Latvia. The precise amount of money ...
The Latest Colombian Trade Report
Trade Bureau of the Colombian Embassy in U.S.
...
The Networking of Health information Handbook for the management of ethical and social questions
Canada Health Care System
...
'Trans-Latins' the New Investment Trend in Latin America and the Caribbean
The Economic Commission for Latin American and the Caribbean -Eclac
...
Important Facts about Angola’s New Private Foreign Investment Law
Martha L. Arias, Attorney at Law; IBLS Editor
On May 20, 2011, Angola’s new private foreign investment law, Law No. 20/11, became effective. The new law introduced some changes to the ...
Internet Economy Surges Despite Global Slowdown
IBLS Editor
Despite repeated reports of bad economic news in many sectors, the Internet continues its global expansion, giving great comfort to those still trying to ...
IBLS Graduate Fellowships for E-Commerce Masters in Law
IBLS Jerry McGlothlin jmcglothlin@ibls.com, Phone: 1.949 756 0906.
Internet Business Law Services (IBLS), www.IBLS.com, has established Graduate Fellowships for E-Commerce law specialization in Masters in Law in International Tax and Financial Services ...
Amazon Sues New York State Over Internet Sales Tax Law
Kelly O'Connell, IBLS Editor
Massive web retailer Amazon.com, best known for selling books and CD's online, is suing New York State regarding a new law that demands certain ...
The Asia ITC Program
IBLS Editorial Staff
The Asia IT&C Programme ("IT&C” stands for Information Technology and Communication) was launched in October 1999 by the European Commission in order to co-finance ...
China’s Latest Labor Contract Law Modification
IBLS Editorial Department
Entrepreneurs worldwide are closely following the development of China's labor contract laws. These laws definitely impact both foreign investors in China and those ...
The NASABA Convention Crosses the 100 Attorney Mark
IBLS Contributor: The North American South Asian Bar Association, Shirish Gupta, president@southasianbar.org, www.nasabaconvention.org,
SAN FRANCISCO, April 18, 2007 - The North American South Asian Bar Association (NASABA) announces that over 100 attorneys from the U.S., Canada and ...
China Enjoys Risky Double Digit Expansion
IBLS Editorial Staff
After a long run of economic success without much downside, China just released its first quarter numbers for 2007, and growth is near 11% ...
eBay Hustles to Secure E-payment Dominance
Editor, Maricelle Ruiz, IBLS Director – Europe
eBay company PayPal is modifying its company structure and strategy in Europe to ensure market dominance in the online payment sector. The electronic ...
Legal Overview on Franchise Regulations in Indonesia
IBLS Contributor: Bambang Pram Said, Said, Sudiro & Partners Indonesia, mail@ssplegal.com
The term “franchise” was introduced by Isaac Singer in 1851. In general, franchise refers to an approval by the owner of particular products ...
Looming US tax Deadline to Catch Australians Unaware
Arriarne Kemp-Bishop, Freehills, arriarne.kemp-bishop@freehills.com
Many Australian companies and individuals may not be aware of a 31 December 2008 deadline for compliance with a new United States tax provision, ...
Chinese Taipei has donated CHF62,000 to the WTO
World Trade Organization, www.wto.org
The Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu offers CHF62,000 to the WTO development programme Chinese Taipei has donated CHF62,000 to the WTO ...
China’s Black Gold and Global Warming
Council of Foreign Relations, Toni Johnson, www.cfr.org
In China, where breakneck economic growth is the norm and energy consumption rises every passing day, coal is king (Bloomberg). Every week or so, ...
Tax Treatment of Landline and Wireless Internet Services Provided by Cooperatives under the U.S. Tax Code §501(c)(12)
Martha L. Arias, Immigration and Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
There are several types of organizations exempted from tax under the Internal Revenue Code ("IRC”) §501(c). For instance, cooperatives (organizations working for the ...
Colombia Cross-border Distribution Activities
IBLS Contributor: By Laura Cecilia Ramírez Bogota, Colombia
Non-domiciled entities are subject to income tax on their Colombian-source income, which originates in the exploitation of tangible and intangible goods within Colombian territory; ...
Globalizing Secured Transactions Laws
Thomas Jefferson School of Law
New developments in the secured credit laws of major U.S. trading partners such as Japan, China and France, the new UNCITRAL Legislative Guide on ...
The Internet Creates Job Opportunities for Particular Members of Society
IBLS Editorial Department
Social studies report that a small group of individuals have become Internet addicts and this addiction isolates them from family and society. ...
Trusts under Niue’s Laws- They Seem to be Favored by Wealthy Chinese
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney; IBLS Editor
Niue is a coral island in the South Pacific Ocean, to the Northeast of New Zealand. Niue has about 1,400 inhabitants who are predominantly ...
Partnership and Business Profits Tax in Chile
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
Chile is one of the strongest economies in South America, with a 2009 annual GDP of $243.569 billion according to the International Monetary Fund. ...
Taxation of Joint Ventures in India
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Editor
Foreign enterprises entering into joint ventures with Indian companies should be aware of the 2009 advance ruling that considers these joint ventures association of ...
The Truth in Lending Act
Martha L. Arias, Immigration and Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
Predatory lending and subprime mortgages have caused incalculable damages to the United States economy. Indeed, much has been said about banks, real estate ...
How does Japan Tax Domestic and Foreign Corporations?
Martha L. Arias, Immigration and Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
Years ago information about other country’s commercial and taxation laws might not have been in high demand. Nowadays, information about other country’s laws is ...
Gross Income of Foreign Corporations under Treasury Decision 9502
Martha L. Arias, Immigration and Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
On September 16, 2010, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) issued Treasure Decision 9502 regarding certain exclusions from gross income of foreign corporations. Treasure ...
The Leak of Financial Information from Offshore Banks
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Editor
The "good” and the “bad” use offshore banks, particularly those offering banking privacy; the “good” may use them for tax avoidance or to hide ...
Internet Cash Transfers & Bankruptcy Proceedings
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney; IBLS Editor
Once a company applies for relief under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code, a trustee is assigned to handle the company's finances. ...
The Argentine government has introduced more flexible regulations in the foreign exchange market
Carlos E. Alfaro, JD
The AFIP (Federal Administration of Public Revenue) has issued the General Resolution N° 3.583 that authorizes purchases of foreign currency by individuals for savings ...
 
From the Digital Library
Title/Abstract
New Zealand's Financial Transactions Reporting Act
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Financial Transactions Reporting Act is New Zealand’s primary law for attacking money laundering and the use of proceeds from criminal activities. ...
Sri Lanka Money Laundering Law
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In response to recommendations of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), Sri Lanka enacted three money laundering laws in 2005 and 2006, and the ...
INDIA'S PREVENTION OF MONEY LAUNDERING ACT
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
India’s Prevention of Money Laundering Act, which came into effect in 2005 as the primary anti-money laundering legislation in that country, places certain reporting ...
Fiji Financial Transactions Reporting Act
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Fiji Financial Transactions Reporting Act became effective in 2004. The Act is intended to encourage foreign investment and prevent money laundering by strengthening ...
FRAUD AND MONEY LAUNDERING IN SECOND LIFE VIRTUAL WORLDS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Cyber criminals are increasingly turning to the opportunities that virtual worlds offer to launder money earned from fraud, malware, and other illegal activities. The ...
ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING LAW IN SERBIA
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Serbian money laundering regulations are contained in the 2005 Prevention of Money Laundering Law and are enforced by the Administration for the Prevention of ...
ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING REGULATIONS IN THE BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The British Virgin Islands (BVI), considered an offshore haven for financial services, has introduced a range of legislation aimed at tackling the problems of ...
ASSET PROTECTION LEGISLATION IN ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA: BETTER PROTECTION OF DEPOSITED TRUSTS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Antigua and Barbuda enacted a series of asset protection, trust, and foundation laws; they include the International Trusts Act, International Foundations Act, International LLC ...
NINTH CIRCUIT COURT OF APPEALS: LIABILITY OF CREDIT CARD COMPANIES FOR PROCESSING CHARGES MADE BY PURCHASERS OF PIRATED IMAGES
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals has ruled that credit card companies given actual notice that specific websites were selling pirated images could not ...
STOCK OPTIONS BACKDATING BY TECHNOLOGY COMPANIES
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Backdating stock options is not illegal per se, and is actually a common practice in online and tech companies. However, it is illegal not ...
CANADA MONEY LAUNDERING ACT
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Canada enacted the Proceeds of Crime and Terrorist Financing Act (the “Act”) to set up the mechanisms to detect and deter money laundering and ...
THE BANGLADESH MONEY LAUNDERING PREVENTION ACT
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Bangladesh enacted legislation aimed at controlling and preventing money laundering. Money laundering is a criminal offense in Bangladesh and can result in imprisonment for ...
CRIMINAL OFFENSES RELATING BANK OR CREDIT CARDS’ USE IN TURKEY
IBLS Charter Partner - Staff Attorney
This brief essay discusses the Article 245 of Turkish Penal Code, which sets forth the “Criminal offenses relating bank or credit cards’ use” and ...
INTERNET INVESTMENT FRAUD IN THE UK
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Recently, the United Kingdom (“UK”) recognized the need to establish a single statutory regime for dealing with investment fraud. In addition to its own ...
THE UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE AND INTERNET FRAUD
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Untied States Postal Inspection Service (USPIS) is the law enforcement agency assigned with the task of protecting U.S. mail and U.S. postal facilities. ...
TYPICAL STRUCTURES OF INTERNET INVESTMENT FRAUD
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Numerous online forms of investment fraud mimic frauds previously committed over the phone or through direct mail. The Internet have provided new opportunities ...
FEDERAL CRIMINAL SANCTIONS FOR COMMITTING INTERNET INVESTMENT FRAUD
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Department of Justice (DOJ), through the Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Division of the Untied States Attorneys Office (CCIPS), has used a variety ...
EU LAW REGARDING INTERNET INVESTEMENT SCAMS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The increased use of the Internet as a commercial device has lead to the proliferation of numerous Internet-based frauds and scams. One of the ...
THE CUSTOMER IDENTIFICATION PROGRAM UNDER THE U.S. PATRIOT ACT
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In October 2001, the U.S. Congress passed the “Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act,” known ...
ISLAMIC BANKING
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The main principle of Islamic finance and banking is the sharing of profits and the prohibitions of all forms of interest. Islamic law specifically ...
GOODWILL & CAPITAL RESOURCES POLICIES IN THE UNITED KINGDOM
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The United Kingdom Financial Services Authority (FSA), an independent body that regulates the financial services industry, announced that January 14, 2008, will be the ...
CONSUMERS’ FINANCIAL INFORMATION AND THE GRAMM LEACH BLILEY ACT OF 1999
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
With the ability of advanced technology to collect and maintain data, financial services businesses have increasingly found ways to take advantage of their large ...
CHINA PASSES FIRST ANTI MONEY-LAUNDERING LEGISLATION FOR 2007
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
As of January 1, 2007, China has a new Anti Money-Laundering (AML) law in effect. This is the first separate law of its kind, ...
OFFSHORE FINANCIAL CENTERS AND OFFSHORE BANKING
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The rise of the global economy has increased international transactions and enabled money to be moved very quickly. Offshore financial centers are thought ...
SALAMI ATTACKS
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Cyber crimes may be defined generally as unlawful acts wherein the computer is either a tool or a target or both. A “salami attack” ...
BASIC RULES FOR PROPER ISLAMIC BANKING & FINANCE
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
E-commerce payments require knowledge of complex banking and financing information about the countries involved in an e-transaction. Even though most countries have a ...
PAYING ONLINE GAMBLING: COMPLEX REALITIES OF CYBER-FUNDING
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Highlighted here are the peculiar financial aspects and high risk of involvement with online wagering for those who choose to flaunting the U.S. gaming ...
CHINA ENJOYS RISKY DOUBLE DIGIT EXPANSION WHILE WEST REACTS TO OVERSEAS RESOURCE REACH
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
After a long run of economic success without much downside, China just released its first quarter numbers for 2007, and growth is near 11% ...
Graham Packaging, LP v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, No. 652 F.R. (2002).
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania has held that electronically delivered software is taxable under Pennsylvania sales and use tax statutes. Graham Packaging LP requested from ...
Software License in China
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Federal District Court in Oregon granted the Defendant’s motion for summary judgment and denied Plaintiff’s summary judgment motion. The Plaintiff sued the ...
Czech Republic is Reluctant to Allow Foreign Hand in Gambling
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Czech Republic maintains a licensing monopoly in gambling services. Its legal system has created some restrictive provisions on outsider gambling operators and has ...
U.s Internet Gambling Ban Conflicts With Wto
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The United States has a well defined policy regarding online gambling, backed by some internationally accepted rationales. Under World Trade Organization (WTO) rules, however, ...
Liability Of Financial Institutions And Interactive Computer Services Under The Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act Of 2006
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The United States Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006 seeks to regulate and control online gambling by placing stringent responsibility on financial institutions. ...
Emerging E-commerce Taxation In Russia
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The transformation of the USSR into Russia has had a great effect on its fiscal and public finance policies. Apart from accepting liberal economic ...
Online Gambling In Gibraltar
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Gibraltar has discovered its role as an international Finance Center to be the most important sector of its economy. Gibraltar has made substantial investment ...
Taxation And E-commerce In Iran
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
E-taxation is a fundamental corollary to e-commerce. Developed industrial countries have invested heavily in e-payment e-banking, e-insurance and e-stock exchange. Nevertheless, without paying attention ...
E-Commerce Taxation in the Philippines
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Philippine government in general, the Department of Finance (DOF) and the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) in particular have made no formal provisions ...
Single European Payments Area (SEPA)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The European Union (EU) aspires to be a single market. Obstacles to buying and selling goods across borders have almost disappeared. The economic efficiency ...
Investors Sue Vonage over IPO
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
A class action lawsuit was filed against Internet telephone provider Vonage, Inc. in an Atlanta Federal Court on Friday June 2, 2006. The ...
Financial Operations: Privacy And The Prevention Of Money Laundering
IBLS Charter Partner - Staff Attorney
The need to limit the use of cash during transactions and prevent money laundering within the financial system has incited the Italian government to ...
Tow: Measuring Electronic Commerce As An Instrument For The Development Of The Digital Economy: A Report From The United Nations Conference On Trade And Development (unctad)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) is a United Nations’ (UN) body that ‘aims at the development-friendly integration of developing countries ...
LA Topic: POLITICAL AND CO-OPERATION ACCORD BETWEEN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ITS MEMBER STATES AND THE ANDEAN COMMUNITY AND ITS MEMBER STATES
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
E-commerce entrepreneurs should carefully review regional and free trade agreements among the nations to detect opportunities that may help them, or their customers, reduce ...
The Development Of The Internet In Jersey
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The island of Jersey, which is one of the Channel Islands located between England and France, is a self-governing British Crown dependency that forms ...
European Topic: The Asia Itc Program
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Asia IT&C Programme (“IT&C” stands for Information Technology and Communication) was launched in October 1999 by the European Commission in order to co-finance ...
Customs Procedures (brazil)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The importing and exporting procedures in Brazil have become more crucial as Brazil has become more in the forefront of international trade. With ...
Bank Of Brazil
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The importing and exporting procedures in Brazil have become more crucial as Brazil has become more in the forefront of international trade. With ...
International Chamber Of Commerce Of Brazil
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The International Chamber of Commerce of Brazil is a private civil society that is concerned with the flow of commerce and international businesses. ...
Banco Central Do Brasil (brazil)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Banco Central do Brasil was the outgrowth of the Currency and Credit Superintendence (SUMOC), the Bank of Brazil (BB) and the National Treasury. ...
Import Financing (brazil)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The importing and exporting procedures in Brazil have become more crucial as Brazil has become more in the forefront of international trade. With ...
Changing The Definition Of Terrorism And Terrorist Organizations
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The USA Patriot Bill once it was introduced was a heavily debated piece of legislation. The legislation has not been proposed with modifications ...
Cartagena Agreement (latin America)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Andean Community adopted the Cartagena Agreement in an effort to integrate the communities of the countries involves as well as to foster democratic ...
European Business Trade Facilitation Network
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The European Business Trade Facilitation Network (EFBTN) has participated in the international trade process by engaging in discussions relating to trade facilitation. This ...
Latin American Economic System (SELA)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Latin American Economic System is concerned with the economic and social strategies of trade relations as well as issues concerning international borders and ...
European Policy Group
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The efforts to improve trade facilitation have the effect of eliminating trade barriers and improving the flow of trade among international countries. The ...
Appellation of Origin in Mexico
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Lisbon Agreement is an international agreement by which signatory states agree to protect, on their territories, the appellations of origin of other country's ...
Electronic Fund Transfer Act
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The use of electronic banking poses many potential concerns with privacy, online theft and identity theft. The use of these processes may hold ...
Economic Commission For Latin America & Carribbean
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Economic Commission for Latin America and Carribbean (ECLA) has been concerned with assisting and promoting economic and social development. The ECLA has ...
The Use Of Electronic Banking
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The use of electronic banking poses many potential concerns with privacy, online theft and identity theft. The use of these processes may hold ...
Productivity Indicators (united Kingdom)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Department of Trade and Industry has been key in promoting that United Kingdom businesses can become more commonplace and become encourage in the ...
Fair Debt Collection Act
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The online identity theft in chat rooms can hold criminal liability for impersonating another person under either forgery, fraud, or identity theft. ...
Fair Credit Billing Act
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The online identity theft in chat rooms can hold criminal liability for impersonating another person under either forgery, fraud, or identity theft. ...
Consumer Sentinel’s Identity Theft Data Clearinghouse
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The online identity theft has become more rampant as the use of the Internet has become more widespread. Online identify theft has been ...
Department Of Trade And Industry (united Kingdom)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Department of Trade and Industry has been key in promoting that United Kingdom businesses can become more commonplace and become encourage in the ...
Effect Of Fair Credit Reporting Act On Consumer Reports
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) places a limitation on the use of “consumer reports” or the manner that they can be shared with ...
Business Opportunity & Franchise Fraud (canada)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Internet Fraud including identify theft, online retail sales, investment fraud, and online auctions has been increasing internationally. Business opportunity fraud involving investments and ...
Stock Manipulation
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Internet fraud involving the use of investment fraud has become more prevalent. One such investment fraud is the issue of stock manipulation or ...
Implication Of Malaysian Tax Law In Relation To E-commerce
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Malaysian tax system must be examined to determine whether there are corporate tax income issues as well as sales taxes that must be ...
U.S. Economic Espionage Act of 1996
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The criminal liability for the dissemination of trade secrets has become more commonplace as the Internet has been growing at a rapid rate and ...
Competition Act Of 2002 (ireland)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Competition Act of 2002 was designed to ensure that businesses compete on a level playing field by prohibiting certain types of anti-competitive behavior. ...
Electronic Money Laundering
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The use of electronic systems online has increased the potential for identity fraud and security issues. Electronic money laundering has become more ever ...
Group Boycotts And Their Effect On Competition
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Antitrust laws state that there should be the preservation and encouragement of competition among competitors in the marketplace of commerce. The use of ...
Price Fixing Among Competitors
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Antitrust laws state that there should be the preservation and encouragement of competition among competitors in the marketplace of commerce. The use of ...
Determining To Windup A Dot Com Business
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Determining whether or not to file bankruptcy when deciding to end a dot.com or start-up business requires much consideration and evaluation in considering the ...
The Colloboration Among Competitors Of Horizontal Restraints
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Antitrust laws state that there should be the preservation and encouragement of competition among competitors in the marketplace of commerce. The use of ...
The Colloboration Among Competitors Of Vertical Restraints
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The use of vertical restraints and their effect on competition between companies has demonstrated that they should be prevented. Vertical restraints of trade ...
The Use Of Conglomerate Mergers
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Conglomerate mergers do not face as much contention as horizontal merger agreements. Conglomerate mergers will violate antitrust law if it serves to eliminate ...
The Antitrust Effect Of Joint Ventures
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
A joint venture is a business arrangement in which two or more parties undertake a specific economic activity together. Joint ventures are subject ...
The Robinson Patman Act
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Robinson-Patman Act prevents the ability of competitors to discriminate in the prices charged between competing purchasers. Price discrimination will however be permitted ...
The Use Of Vertical Mergers
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The use of vertical mergers do not face as much contention as horizontal merger agreements. Vertical merger agreements involving the combination of ...
The Models Of Electronic Bill Presentment And Payment
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Electronic Bill Presentment and Payment (EBPP) has become more common in the business to consumer market or what is commonly referred to as B2C ...
Electronic Checks And Their Use In The Electronic Payment Mechanism
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Electronic payment systems have been used extensively in the increasing use of Electronic Commerce. As a result, electronic payment and the encryption of sensitive ...
Electronic Payment Systems And Its Implications On Electronic Commerce
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Electronic payment and the encryption of sensitive financial information have proven to be an area where improved technology has required to be present. ...
Legal Mistakes That Should Be Avoid In Beginning And Early Stage Of A Technology Company
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Opening a new business can hold many benefits, but most be prepared for adequately. If a business and legal strategy is not ...
Digital Money And Its Implications On Electronic Commerce
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Digital money has been used to signify electronic payment mechanisms that will be used to make electronic commerce payments. These electronic payments have ...
Venture Leasings And Its Profund Effects On Electronic Commerce
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Venture leasing has been used for start-ups as a means of securing equipment. Venture leasing has been used in conjunction with venture capital ...
The Benefits Of Renting A Domain Name
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Renting a domain name can have numerous benefits including economical profitability. These consequences can be tax benefits, retention of the domain name ownership ...
Commercial Leases And Its Effects On Electronic Commerce
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Commercial leases must be adapted to the use of the Internet and electronic commerce. The contracts that deal with commercial sales therefore must ...
The Tax Treatment Of Website Creation’s Expenses Under French Law
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The French Ministry of Finance has recently released a Draft Communication (“Projet d’instruction”) concerning the tax treatment of website creation or acquisition expenses. ...
Concept Of Tax Haven In A Global Tax Competition
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Whilst there never has been an exact definition of the concept of a tax haven, there has been some agreement on the recognition that ...
Electronic Commerce In The European Union: A Beginning Note
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
This summary begins a series from the publication Don’t Panic! Do E-commerce: A Beginner’s Guide to European Law Affecting E-commerce. Some definition of ...
The Securities And Exchange Commission – How Does A Small Business Register A Public Offering
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has regulations that govern businesses. The regulations apply to those who conduct business on the Internet. This ...
Technology Licensing In Korea
IBLS Charter Partner - Staff Attorney
Although in past years foreign technology licenses were subject to advance government approval and circumscribed by a strict regulatory regime, recent market-opening reforms have ...
Payment Options In E-commerce – Universal Smart Cards
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Finance experts have been predicting the demise of paper checks. Electronic payment options in e-commerce will coming out of the development stages at ...
Truth In Lending Disclosures To The Consumer For Home Mortgage Loans Over The Internet
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
When offering or providing credit to consumers over the Internet in the form of a home loan, home equity, or refinance loan, creditors must ...