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79 articles found for Electronic Contracts

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From the News Portal
Title/Abstract
Information and Communications in Japan 2005
Japan's Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
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Cultural Differences in E-commerce: A Comparison Between the United States and Japan
Kumiko Aoki, Boston University, United States
...
An Arbitration Clause is Valid as part of the Internet Terms and Conditions
Martha L. Arias, Attorney at Law; IBLS Editor
Internet consumers ought to be aware of arbitration clauses incorporated into their contracts, even if these clauses are not specifically called "arbitration clause.” Indeed, ...
E-Commerce taxation ( part 6)
TiJuana Brown Halsey, JD MBA CEC PME
The ITFA established the Advisory Commission on Electronic Commerce (ACEC) to study the issues relevant to the taxation of e-commerce ...
Internet Penetration in Africa According to a 2012 Report
Martha L. Arias, Attorney at Law; IBLS Editor
Africa is the continent that has the most developing countries; poor internet penetration is common in developing countries due to infrastructure, costs, and purchasing ...
Quarterly Retail E-commerce Sales, First Quarter 2005
U.S. Census Bureau
...
E-commerce in Latin America
Taken from e-commerce-digest.com
...
Costa Rica Domestic E-commerce
Taken from www.lowtax.net
...
General Assembly Adopts New Convention On Use Of Electronic Communications In International Contracting
United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL)
...
The Central African Republic signs the United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts
United Nations Commission on International Trade Law
...
Senegal signs the United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts
United Nations
...
New OnGuard Online Section Offers Tips for Internet Auction Buyers and Sellers
Federal Trade Commissioner (FTC)
...
Baker and McKenzie Report on E-commerce in Russia
Martha L. Arias, LL.B., J.D., LL.M.
In its last European Country Report, Backer and McKenzie presented a summary of Russian e-commerce and related topics. The report states that the Russian ...
Chile: a great e-commerce perspective
Martha L. Arias, LL.B., J.D., LL.M.
The Global Technology Forum published an article in March 2006, assessing the development of E-commerce in Chile. The article declares that Chile ...
Malta's Electronic Commerce Act
Martha L. Arias, IBLS Director
Malta, a European financial center located in the Southern areas of the Mediterranean Sea, has developed comprehensive e-commerce legislation and is an active e-commerce ...
The Essential Elements of a Contract under the Spanish Law
IBLS Editorial Department
Internet contracts usually subject the parties to arbitration proceedings or the law of a specific jurisdiction (choice of law) when legal disputes arise. ...
Electronic Contracts and Jurisdiction under State Long-Arm Statutes
Martha L. Arias, Immigration and Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
United State (US) Federal Courts undertake international and interstate party cases (diversity cases) such as those related to e-commerce. Whether federal courts have ...
Envisioned Effects of E-Commerce in the European Union’s Single Market - Part I
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Director
The Economic and Social Committee of the European Community Commission envisioned the effects of e-commerce in the European single market in 2001. These ...
Denmark: the World’s E-Commerce Hub and Its Legal Framework
IBLS Editorial Department
Denmark is one of the leading e-commerce users in the European Union ("EU”). In 2004, it ranked first in e-commerce among the EU ...
Arbitration Clause and Internet Contracts of Adhesion
Martha L. Arias, IBLS Director
According to the Appellate Court of Illinois, an arbitration clause in Internet contracts is not necessarily unconscionable and is binding on the parties to ...
The Law of Electronic Contracts in the United States
Martha L. Arias, IBLS Director
The growth of electronic commerce has proportionally increased the use of electronic contracts as a faster and innovative way to carry out business. ...
The Future of E-commerce in Malaysia
IBLS Contributor: Gladys Mirandah, Patrick Mirandah Law Office, Malaysia, malaysia@mirandah.com
E-commerce has evolved over the years from electronic funds transfers (EFT), comprising of online shopping and Internet banking, to electronic data interchange (EDI), ...
Are the Basic Definitions of the U.S. Electronic Transactions Act Compatible with those in other Legal Systems?
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney, Miami, IBLS Director
Common law systems such as the United States' are increasingly codifying their laws; this seems a tendency that deserves attention from legal systems analysts. ...
Australia Restricted Access System Declaration 2007
Australian Government
New rules for restricting access to age restricted content (commercial MA15+ content and R18+ content) either hosted in Australia or provided from Australia will ...
International Comity in Patent Cases
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney, Miami; IBLS Editor
International comity is the legal principle under which countries recognize each other's legislative, judicial and executive acts. In other words, comity is the legal ...
A Contract’s Terms and Conditions Sent as an Attachment: Is it Valid?
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law attorney; IBLS Editor
In the United States (U.S.), and most countries in the world, a contract is formed when a party extends an offer and the other ...
UCITA – Dead or Alive?
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law attorney; IBLS Editor
The Uniform Computer Information Transactions Act (UCITA) is probably in intensive care since its beginning. UCITA is a uniform contract law proposed to regulate ...
E-Business Models Yet to Come: Electronic Marketplaces
Martha L. Arias; IBLS Editor
The development of business models through the Internet has not ceased. We are at the verge of innovative e-commerce models now built on ...
What are the Consumer Rights under the European Union Distance Selling Directive
Martha L. Arias, Immigration & Internet Law Attorney; IBLS Director
The expansion of electronic commerce triggered the enactment of rules aiming to protect online consumers. In the European Union, however, member states began ...
 
From the Digital Library
Title/Abstract
INDONESIAN ELECTRONIC INFORMATION AND TRANSACTION BILL OF MARCH 2008
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Indonesia has recently passed a bill covering the Internet that focuses upon both web content and business transactions, although the Government admitted one goal ...
Electronic Transaction Act 1998 (Singapore)
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The ELECTRONIC TRANSACTION ACT (ETA) was enacted to create a predictable legal environment for e-commerce. It clearly defines the rights and obligations of the ...
Online Contracts Under Italian Law
IBLS Charter Partner - Staff Attorney
Online contracts must comply with the rules set out in the civil code. The Decree 70/2003 concerning e-commerce also provides specific rules especially as ...
Rules Of Presumption For Admitting Electronic Records As Evidence
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Information Technology Act 2000 (IT Act) incorporates a schedule (second schedule) which provides for amendment to Indian Evidence Act, 1872 (Evidence Act) to ...
Digital Signatures Policies in the EU and in the U.S.
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Many jurisdictions have been setting general legal framework in order to resolve issues connected to the development of the Internet, such as electronic authentication, ...
The Writing Requirement And Proof Of E-contracts Under The Mexican Law
IBLS Charter Partner - Staff Attorney
Commercial contracts celebrated in Mexican territory are not subject to any formality for its validity, except when expressly required by the Code of Commerce ...
Online Contract Law In Mexico
IBLS Charter Partner - Staff Attorney
Mexico has not evolved a specific legal framework to regulate contracts established by e-com. Online contracts are regulated by the law governing conventional ...
Electronic Transactions In Ireland
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Given the importance of electronic commerce, the rules governing electronic contracts and electronic signatures constitute the backbone for the development of the Internet. ...
La Topic: Electronic Contracts: The Uncitral Proposed E-commerce Code Perspective
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The United Nations Commission on International Trade (UNICITRAL) recommended an e-commerce Model Code in 1996, with additional articles promulgated in 1998. Most Latin ...
Execution Of Contracts In Colombia
IBLS Charter Partner - Staff Attorney
This summary deals with the main aspects of the e-commerce Act 527 of 1999. It refers to two essential legal issues in the ...
Online Contracts Or Distance Selling In Mexico
IBLS Charter Partner - Staff Attorney
Distance selling contracts in Mexico, such as online contracts, for sale and purchase of goods and rendering of services to customers shall be in ...
Electronic Transactions Law Of The Cayman Islands
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
With a view to developing e-business, the Government of the Cayman has introduced the Electronic Transactions Law 2000 (the “ETL.”) The ETL establishes ...
La Topic: Mexican Electronic Commerce Law
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Mexican Secretariat of Commerce and Industrial Development passed the Mexican E-commerce Law in 2000. This decree modifies the Federal Civil Code, Federal ...
Directive N. 2000/31/ce, Under Italian Law, Concerning Certain Legal Aspcets Of Information Society Services In The Internal Market, In Particular Electronic Commerce (3): The Closing Of Contracts By Telecommunication Means.
IBLS Charter Partner - Staff Attorney
The Decree n.70 dated 9th April 2003 acknowledged in the Italian legal system the Directive n. 2000/31/CE concerning certain legal aspects of information society ...
The Development Of Barbados As An Offshore E-commerce Center
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Barbados, located approximately 1,600 miles southeast of Miami in the south-eastern Caribbean, is a reputable international financial center, which has fostered and developed its ...
Electronic Transactions Act In Barbados
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The enactment of the Electronic Transactions Act 2001 (the “ETA”) has provided Barbados with a regulatory framework necessary for the development of e-commerce. ...
Electronic Signature Under The Law Of Russia
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Electronic signature has been implemented in Russia by the Law on Electronic Digital Signatures n.1-FZ of January 10, 2002, which came into force on ...
The E-commerce Development And The E-commerce Laws In Brazil
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Brazil is one of the South American leading countries in enacting e-commerce legislation. Brazilian e-commerce general framework is well devised but its development ...
Electronic Contracts Under The Law Of Taiwan
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Given the importance of electronic commerce, the rules governing electronic contracts constitute the backbone for the development of the Internet. In Taiwan, there ...
Electronic Signature Under The Law Of Hong Kong
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Electronic signatures in Hong Kong are regulated by the Electronic Transactions Ordinance, enacted on January 7, 2000 and effective on April 7, 2000 (the ...
Electronic Transactions Under The Law Of Bermuda
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Electronic transactions in Bermuda are regulated by the Electronic Transactions Act of August 1999 (the “ETA”), which provides a regulatory framework for the development ...
E-business And The Notion Of Cybersuite Under The Law Of Vanuatu
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Electronic business in the Republic of Vanuatu is regulated by the E-Business Act n.25 of 2000 (the “EBA”), which is aimed at facilitating ...
Electronic Signature Under The Law Of Vanuatu
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Electronic signatures in the Republic of Vanuatu are regulated by the Electronic Transactions Act n.24 of 2000 (the “ETA”), which provides a regulatory framework ...
Electronic Transactions Under The Law Of Vanuatu
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Electronic transactions in the Republic of Vanuatu are regulated by the Electronic Transactions Act n.24 of 2000 (the “ETA”), which provides a regulatory framework ...
Electronic Transactions Under The Law Of Singapore
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Electronic transactions in Singapore are regulated by the Electronic Transactions Act, which was enacted on July 10, 1998 (the “ETA”), and which creates the ...
Electronic Transactions Under Australian Law
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Electronic transactions in Australia are regulated by the Electronic Transactions Act 1999 (the “ETA”), which provides a regulatory framework useful for the development of ...
Electronic Contracts Under The Law Of Luxembourg
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The legal aspects of electronic contracts under the law of Luxembourg are enunciated in the Law of August 14, 2000 on E-Commerce, which implements ...
Basic Rules Of Electronic Contracts Under Spanish Law
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In Spain, the rules applicable to electronic contracts both includes general principles of contract law and laws deriving from European Directives, often aimed at ...
Evolution And Trends Of E-commerce Regulation In France
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In France like in every other country, the laws needed to be adjusted to the Internet. As a matter of facts, the borderless ...
Offer and Acceptance on the Internet Under French Law
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In France, the rules applicable to electronic contracts both include general principles of contract law and laws deriving from European Directives. The latter ...
Cancellation of an Electronic Contract Under French Law
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
As a general principle applicable to any kind of agreement under French law (including electronic contract), a contract that is cancelled ceases to have ...
Breach Of Electronic Contracts And Remedies Under French Law
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Electronic contracts constitute the legal basis for the development of the Internet. E-commerce contracts are probably the most common of all electronic contracts. ...
Illegality And Immorality Of An Electronic Agreement Under French Contract Law
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In France, the rules applicable to electronic contracts include general principles of contract law. The fundamental conditions of validity of any contract, including ...
Factors Vitiating The Validity Of Consent Under French Contract Law
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In France, the rules applicable to electronic contracts both includes general principles of contract law and laws deriving from European Directives, often aimed at ...
Software Contracts Under German Law
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
In the beginning of the year 2002 the new law of obligations in Germany was enacted due to the implementation of European directives. The ...
Remote Trading Under German Law
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Since the beginning of the year 2002 new provisions for e-commerce are effective in Germany. Due to the implementation of the European directive on ...
The Use Of Electronic Signatures In Chile
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The Chilean government has recognized the need for their contract principles to be applied to the Internet medium. As a result, the Chilean ...
Uslaw Ibls Online Contracts
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Electronic Contracts encoumpas a number of items like clickwrap, shrinkwrap, and sales contracts. Below is a scope note on sales contract and authentication. ...
Electronic Contracts Under French Law
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The laws applicable to electronic contracts depend on the parties to the agreement. Whereas contracts entered into between businesses (“B2B contracts”) are mainly ...
America’s E-sign Act Makes Electronic Signatures Legally Binding
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The E-SIGN Act was passed in June of 2000 and made electronic signatures legally binding. Your contract will not be invalid just because ...
Electronic Data Interchange And Electronic Contracts
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Electronic contracts are becoming more commonplace in electronic commerce. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is defined as 'the exchange of documents in standardized electronic form, ...
The Mailbox Rule And Electronic Contracts
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
A valid and enforceable contract requires an offer and an acceptance. The mailbox rule was a common law doctrine that provided that an ...
Statute Of Frauds And Electronic Contracts
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Some contracts require a writing of one kind in order to be enforceable in order to satisfy the Statute of Frauds. The Statute ...
Drafting Valid Electronic Contracts
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Contracts have progressed to the form of facsimiles when they are exchanged between parties. Contracts have entered a new form in the electronic ...
Aftermath Of The E-sign Act And Its Effect On Global E-commerce
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
After the passage of the E-Sign Act in the United States, there was the possibility of a tremendous impact on electronic commerce in the ...
Is My Electronic Contract Enforceable
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Electronic contracts are becoming ever more popular. It is essential that people understand what they are doing and that the parties’ true intentions ...
ELECTRONIC COMMERCE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION: FORMATION OF A CONTRACT
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Transparent contracts are not the norm in international commerce. Transparency is the goal of EU Directives on E-commerce. ...
Fair Warning And Proper Notice For Shrinkwrap Agreements
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Shrinkwrap agreements need to be thorough in their disclosures to the consumer both in content and notice. ...
“minimum Contacts” Jurisdiction
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
The means and frequency of contacts that an on-line seller has within a particular state may determine whether the seller has to defend a ...
“shrinkwrap” Or "browsewrap" Agreements And Enforceability On The Internet
IBLS Editorial Board - Staff Attorney
Shrinkwrap agreements, clicking on a space on a web site as if to consent to the terms required for proceeding to the next level ...