First Pioneer Case States A High Standard To Gain The Identities Of Nonparties Who Post Anonymous Free Speech Online

In John Doe v. 2TheMart.com Inc., the court quashed the subpoena issued 2TheMart.com to Silicon Investor/InfoSpace (InfoSpace) to obtain the identities of twenty-three speakers that anonymously posted to Internet message boards operated by InfoSpace. The court determined that there was a four-part test required for the enforcement of a civil subpoena seeking identification of a non-party individual that has communicated anonymously over the Internet.

The following questions have been addressed in this article:

Who are the parties and what are the facts of this case?
What did the court determine?
Were there any supporters to this decision?
Is there any federal law protecting anonymous speech online?
What is the significance of this ruling?

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