Once known as the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, it re-christened itself Botswana and declared independence in 1966. Situated atop South Africa, this country is about the size of Texas, USA and has one of the most tranquil histories in all of Africa. Forty years of pure civilian leadership, enlightened public policies, and significant capital investment have create one of the continent's more stable and dynamic economies for almost 2 million residents. The mining sector, especially diamond extraction, is a mainstay of the economy. Tourism is also burgeoning given the country's disciplined conservation practices, extensive animal preserves, and abundant natural beauty. According to the Heritage Foundation's 2008 Index of Economic Freedom assessment, Botswana is ranked the 36th freest economy in the world and second in sub-Saharan Africa, at 69% per cent free. It has one of the lightest tax burdens in Africa. Its economy has expanded at least 5%-10% per year since 1996. Yet, Botswana is still striving to create a broad and deep Intellectual Property Rights (IPR's) regime. They scored 70% on protecting Property Rights, and the country has a fully independent judiciary, and protection of IPR's has improved significantly. In Botswana, Intellectual Property law is divided into two categories: Industrial Property and Copyrights.

The following questions have been addressed in this article:

How Does Botswana Protect Intellectual Property?
How is Evidence of Copyright Violation Secured and Preserved?
What are the Civil Remedies?
Are Fines or Prison Sentences Possible?


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