Regulation and Taxation of Voice over the Internet Protocol (VoIP) in the United States

The United States Congress has passed several regulatory acts to prevent states from exercising regulatory authority over new Internet services, and also gave the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) jurisdiction over new services such as Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) or Internet Telephony. The FCC has issued several declaratory rulings on various VoIP services and has reported to Congress regarding the classification of different varieties of VoIP services. In June 2005, the FCC imposed Enhanced 911 (E911) obligations on providers of interconnected VoIP services.

The following questions have been addressed in this article:

What are the issues related to VoIP regulation and taxation?
Why has the FCC imposed Enhanced 911 obligations on providers of interconnected VoIP services?
What is the objective of the Proposed VoIP Regulatory Freedom Act?

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