E-commerce Provisions Under India-singapore Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA)

In 2005, the India-Singapore Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA) was signed and implemented. In the CECA, both signatories commit to promote a liberalized environment for e-commerce. Under the Agreement, no customs duties are levied on digital products exchanged electronically. Singapore exempts duty on all goods purchased through electronic medium from India and at the same time India also has removed or reduced duties on Singapore products.

The following questions have been addressed in this article:

Is there any declaration from the parties to the Agreement related to the non-discrimination of each other’s digital products?
Are any customs duties levied on digital products exchanged electronically?
What are the provisions regarding trade in goods and services purchased through “electronic means”?
What are the provisions related to trade in services that are transferred through electronic medium?
How is the carrier medium is valued under the Agreement?


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