La Topic: World Trade Organization Geneva Ministerial Declaration And Work Program On E-commerce

The World Trade Organization (WTO) recognizing the importance of electronic commerce in international trade adopted the Geneva Ministerial Declaration on Electronic Commerce on May 1998. The Declaration purported to create a work program addressing the main trade-related issues of electronic commerce. The WTO General Council was the designated organ in charge of developing the work program using the WTO bodies. As the Declaration notes, the Work Program is supposed to consider the characteristics of developing (most Latin American countries fit in this description) and least developed countries. The General Council will elaborate progress reports of the Work Program. The majority of Latin American countries are members of the WTO (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, El Salvador, Bolivia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Panama, Peru, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela). The WTO Work Program on e-commerce will have great impact on Latin American economies, as developing economies. The purpose of this excerpt is to identify those trade-related issues of electronic commerce outlined by the Work Program and present links to the progress reports, as an informative material for Latin American e-businesses and those countries dealing with them. Commenting on each of the issues outlined by the Work Program is beyond the purpose of this article but could be subject of future articles.

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