Electronic Signature Under The Law Of Japan

Electronic signatures in Japan are regulated by the Law Concerning Electronic Signatures and Certification Services dated May 24, 2000, which came into force on April 1, 2001 (the “Electronic Signature Law” or “ESL”). The ESL applies generally to exchanges of information by computers and is designed to create a regulated infrastructure for registering electronic signature certification firms.

The following questions have been addressed in this article:

How is electronic signature defined under the ESL?
What are the legal effects of an electronic signature?
How are Designated Certification Firms regulated?
What is the role of the National Public Safety Commission?


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